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    題名: 中央與地方政府在教育政策制訂與執行之權責歸屬與衝突之研究—以北北基教科書選用議題為例
    其他題名: A study on the authorities and conflicts between central and local governments upon policy making and enforcement : an example of textbook selection in Taipei city, Taipei county and Keelung city.
    作者: 吳彩鳳;Wu, Tsai-feng
    貢獻者: 淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班
    楊朝祥;Yung, Kirby C.
    關鍵詞: 教育政策;中央與地方政府;政府間關係;教科書;Educational Policy;the Central and Local Government;Intergovernmental Relations;textbook
    日期: 2008
    上傳時間: 2010-01-11 00:14:25 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 本研究以北北基教科書選用議題為例,探討中央與地方政府在教育政策制定與執行之權責歸屬與衝突。首先蒐集相關文獻,透過文獻分析來探討教育政策制定與執行的相關概念。再透過文件分析與訪談法,以北北基教科書選用議題為例,深入探討中央與地方政府在教育政策制定與執行時,權責歸屬與衝突因素。本研究之訪談是以教育政策制定與執行歷程的描述為主,藉由中央與地方教育政策制定與執行的歷程探討,來分析教育政策制定與執行時中央與地方政府間關係。透過中央與地方教育行政人員、教師代表及家長代表共9人的訪談,分析其參與教育政策制定與執行之經驗,以北北基教科書選用議題為例,彙整出結論,期能作為相關單位參考。 本研究透過文獻分析與訪談,發現中央與地方分權,可防患政府權力過於集中,達到因地制宜之效。但近年來地方自治落實後,法制的規範並未能與時推移,權限劃分法源的不夠明確,模糊地帶使中央與地方政府有擴大解釋的機會,造成了中央與地方政府權責爭議。研究發現,中央與地方政府在教育政策的制定與執行歷程中,價值觀會有所競合,但皆以依法行政為原則,但法律規範的不完備,是造成中央與地方政府權責劃分不明的主因。而當中央與地方政府權責歸屬有所爭議時,中央與地方政府間溝通管道的缺乏,專業對話不足,亦沒有可依循的機制能開啟溝通與協商大門,造成中央與地方政府無法有效針對問題進行討論,導致執行的政策無法即時修正。法制規範不完備、溝通機制闕如、專門的爭議協調機制未建立,皆是造成中央與地方政府教育政策與執行權責歸屬不明與衝突之因素。
    This research selected the issue of textbooks choosing of Taipei City, Taipei County, and Keelung City for example, to find out the responsibilities and conflicts of education policies making and implementation between central and local governments. The purpose of interview in this study was primarily to investigate the education policies making and implementation process of central and local goverments in order to understand their authorities and conflicts. Nine persons, including local and central education administrators, representatives of teachers and parents, were sampled to interview, and their opinions were analyzed to draw the conclusion of this study.
    This study proved that authorities shared by the central and local educational agiencies could prevent serious tyranny and centralization. However, due to incomplete of regulations and legal system, authorities of educational policies making were differentiated unclearly after the self-governened of local government. Furthermore, when the dispute about educational policies occured, factors such as lacking communication channel, or consultation mechanism, impeded the central and local governments to discuss right over the questions and solve them immediately and effectively. As a result, conflicts between governments appeared.
    顯示於類別:[教育政策與領導研究所] 學位論文

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