關鍵字：大學排名、高等教育機構、態度 The purpose of this study is to analyze the contents and theoretical foundation of university ranking, and then explore the practice and major problems in many countries of the world and in Taiwan. This study also adopts questionnaire investigation to proceed the attitude survey of the related issues of university ranking for the staffs in higher education institutions and civilians. After analyzing the questionnaires, propose the feasible strategies of university ranking in Taiwan in the future.
The important research findings are as follows: 1.It’s the best way to authorize academic professional organizations to undertake university ranking in Taiwan. 2.The purpose of university ranking in Taiwan should position to offering the information of choosing university for senior students in senior high schools. 3.The university ranking in Taiwan should proceed subject ranking as priority, and then carry out whole university ranking. 4.The university ranking in Taiwan should divide the universities into research-oriented、teaching-oriented、profession-oriented and community-oriented, and then proceed the ranking. 5.The university ranking in Taiwan can be carried out according to the objective data which is offering by universities, government or professional database, and the subjective scores of reputation survey. 6.If the university ranking in Taiwan uses a lot of indicators to weight to become the average total scores and ranking, each indicator should be given different weighting. 7.The implement of the university ranking in Taiwan should be proclaimed in three years. 8.The proclamation of the university ranking in Taiwan should input the indicators on the database, and the users can choose the indicators and weights arbitrarily, calculate the weighting and then put the university ranking which is consistent with personal needs in order. 9.The staffs in higher education institutions and civilians have realized that university ranking may cause universities ignore the influences of basic student services, universities without characteristics and hierarchical universities.
At last, this study gives following suggestions according to literature review and research conclusions for educational administrative authorities and higher education institutions as reference. 1.Suggestions to educational administrative authorities (1)Educational administrative authorities should clarify university ranking and university evaluation. (2)Educational administrative authorities can authorize academic professional organizations or civic groups to carry out university ranking. (3)Educational administrative authorities can authorize the responsible organizations to collect a lot of indicators, construct the database of university ranking or proclaim ranking of single indicator. (4)Educational administrative authorities should encourage university to be positioned by them. (5)Educational administrative authorities should encourage the responsible organizations that proceed subject ranking as priority , and then carry out whole university ranking. 2.Suggestions to higher education institutions (1) Higher education institutions can use the university ranking as the marketing media of their characteristics. (2) Higher education institutions can regard the university ranking as the instrument of enrolling suitable students. (3) Higher education institutions should support and participate the of university classification. (4) Higher education institutions can cooperate to implement the ranking by specific offices collecting related indicators and data.
Keyword: University Ranking Higher Education Institution Attitude