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    題名: 我國高等教育機構與民間對大學排名態度之研究
    其他題名: A study on the attitude of higher education institution and folk in Taiwan toward the ranking of universities
    作者: 林政彰;Lin, Cheng-chang
    貢獻者: 淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士班
    陳伯璋;Chen, Po-chang
    關鍵詞: 大學排名;高等教育機構;態度;University Ranking;Higher Education Institution;Attitude
    日期: 2006
    上傳時間: 2010-01-11 00:13:33 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 本研究旨在分析大學排名的內涵與立論基礎,進而探討世界幾個主要國家與我國大學排名的實施及其主要問題;並採用問卷調查法,針對我國高等教育機構人員與民間人士,進行大學排名相關議題的態度調查,加以分析後,提出未來我國大學排名可行的策略,主要的研究發現如下:
    一、我國大學排名以委託學術專業團體為宜。
    二、我國大學排名的目的,宜定位在提供高三學生做選校的資訊。
    三、我國大學排名的對象宜以學門為優先,再進行大學整體排名。
    四、我國大學排名宜先將大學分成「研究型」、「教學型」、「專業型」、「社區型」,再進行排名。
    五、我國大學排名可同時依據大學、政府或專業資料庫提供的客觀數據,及聲望調查的主觀分數來進行。
    六、我國大學排名若要使用多項指標加權組合,形成總分、排名,各項指標宜給予不同權重。
    七、我國大學排名之實施宜以三年公布一次為原則。
    八、我國大學排名的公布,宜將各項指標,放置於資料庫,讓使用者可以透過網站,任意選擇指標與權重,加權計算,排出符合個人需求大學排名。
    九、我國高等教育機構人員與民間人士,已意識到大學排名可能造成大學忽視基本的學生服務、大學無特色、大學階層化的三項負面影響。

    最後,根據文獻探討與研究結論,提出下列建議以供教育主管機關與高等教育機構之參考。
    一、對教育主管機關的建議
    (一)教育主管機關應釐清大學排名與大學評鑑。
    (二)教育主管機關可委託學術專業團體或民間機構,進行大學排名。
    (三)教育主管機關可委託辦理機構,蒐集多項指標,建置大學排名資料庫或公布分項排名。
    (四)教育主管機關宜鼓勵大學自行定位。
    (五)教育主管機關應鼓勵進行總排名的辦理機構,先以學門為對象,再進行大學整體排名。
    二、對高等教育機構的建議
    (一)高等教育機構可將大學排名做為學校特色的行銷媒介。
    (二)高等教育機構可將大學排名視為招收適切學生的工具。
    (三)高等教育機構宜支持和參與大學之分類。
    (四)高等教育機構可由特定處室蒐集學校相關指標及數據,配合排名實施。

    關鍵字:大學排名、高等教育機構、態度
    The purpose of this study is to analyze the contents and theoretical foundation of university ranking, and then explore the practice and major problems in many countries of the world and in Taiwan. This study also adopts questionnaire investigation to proceed the attitude survey of the related issues of university ranking for the staffs in higher education institutions and civilians. After analyzing the questionnaires, propose the feasible strategies of university ranking in Taiwan in the future.

    The important research findings are as follows:
    1.It’s the best way to authorize academic professional organizations to undertake university ranking in Taiwan.
    2.The purpose of university ranking in Taiwan should position to offering the information of choosing university for senior students in senior high schools.
    3.The university ranking in Taiwan should proceed subject ranking as priority, and then carry out whole university ranking.
    4.The university ranking in Taiwan should divide the universities into research-oriented、teaching-oriented、profession-oriented and community-oriented, and then proceed the ranking.
    5.The university ranking in Taiwan can be carried out according to the objective data which is offering by universities, government or professional database, and the subjective scores of reputation survey.
    6.If the university ranking in Taiwan uses a lot of indicators to weight to become the average total scores and ranking, each indicator should be given different weighting.
    7.The implement of the university ranking in Taiwan should be proclaimed in three years.
    8.The proclamation of the university ranking in Taiwan should input the indicators on the database, and the users can choose the indicators and weights arbitrarily, calculate the weighting and then put the university ranking which is consistent with personal needs in order.
    9.The staffs in higher education institutions and civilians have realized that university ranking may cause universities ignore the influences of basic student services, universities without characteristics and hierarchical universities.

    At last, this study gives following suggestions according to literature review and research conclusions for educational administrative authorities and higher education institutions as reference.
    1.Suggestions to educational administrative authorities
    (1)Educational administrative authorities should clarify university ranking and university evaluation.
    (2)Educational administrative authorities can authorize academic professional organizations or civic groups to carry out university ranking.
    (3)Educational administrative authorities can authorize the responsible organizations to collect a lot of indicators, construct the database of university ranking or proclaim ranking of single indicator.
    (4)Educational administrative authorities should encourage university to be positioned by them.
    (5)Educational administrative authorities should encourage the responsible organizations that proceed subject ranking as priority , and then carry out whole university ranking.
    2.Suggestions to higher education institutions
    (1) Higher education institutions can use the university ranking as the marketing media of their characteristics.
    (2) Higher education institutions can regard the university ranking as the instrument of enrolling suitable students.
    (3) Higher education institutions should support and participate the of university classification.
    (4) Higher education institutions can cooperate to implement the ranking by specific offices collecting related indicators and data.



    Keyword: University Ranking Higher Education Institution Attitude
    顯示於類別:[教育政策與領導研究所] 學位論文

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