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    Title: 國中生參與幫派的因素、動機及其歷程之研究-以永和地區為例
    Other Titles: A study on the factor, the motive and course of the junior high school student participated in the gang- taking the Yung-ho city as example
    Authors: 楊潭;Yang, Tarn
    Contributors: 淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班
    楊國賜;Yang, Kuo-shih
    Keywords: 國中生;幫派;動機;Junior high school student;gang;Motivation
    Date: 2008
    Issue Date: 2010-01-11 00:12:27 (UTC+8)
    Abstract:   本研究旨在透過訪談的方式,訪問永和地區入幫的學生,探討國中生參與幫派的途徑,並回憶各階段對法治教育的感受,旨在找出國中生與幫派的關鍵點,以利學校採取預防措施。
    本研究結果發現家庭解組、學習不良及個人特質,是國中生參與幫派的重要因素,住家環境反而無甚關係。幫派有替代家庭的功能,改善經濟狀況,提供歸屬感。國中生是生命轉折點的重要發生時間,學校及家庭皆應注意。幫派吸收國中生,是以金錢誘惑及結交朋友為主,但不會用毒品或暴力恐嚇控制學生。至於對入幫學生的輔導,學校尚無統一辦法,常任其自生自滅。學生的法律常識不足,容易被幫派欺騙。
    本研究最後提供若干建議,首先要加強親職教育,對認知偏差的父母,給予再教育。對教師提供八項原則,「歷程」和「環境」交互作用引導行為改變,加強班會功能,做團體輔導。學校對學生的評價,應該以學生對他人付出關懷,從中學得技能,團隊合作是教育歷程的基礎。學校安全措施應作周延規劃。社區、警政及司法部門與學校合作,共同取締,掃蕩幫派。教育行政單位應擴大因材施教。未來研究方向,應以學校管理的矛盾現象及質量的擴大為之。
    The purpose of this study is to interview through gangster students in the Yung-Ho area, and to find out the incentives of how they joined the gang, and to recall their memories for perceptions of rules, in order to discover the link between the gang and students, as well as to help schools take any prevention precautions.
    This study has discovered that, family falling apart, bad study habits, and personal attributes are the essential causes of why students join the gang, while the family living environment has the least impact on the students. Gangs can be substitutes for families, improving financial situations, and providing a sense of attachment. Junior high school is one of the most important turning points for teenagers, both schools and families should put more attention at this point. The gangs recruit students with money or friendship, but they do not use drugs or violence to threaten and control the students. As for counseling the gangster students, the school has not yet found a coherent method, and usually allows the students to run their course. Lack of legal information from the students can usually make them deceived by the gang.
    Finally, this study provides several suggestions, to emphasize on parenting education and to provide re-education to parents with cognitive deviation. The study also provides the teachers with eight principles, such as correlation between experiences and environment that could lead to changes of behaviors, emphasis on class union functions and group counseling. The school should assess the students based on how the students attend to others, obtaining skills from within, and teamwork as educational experiences. School should take precautions measures with extensive plans. The community, law enforcement and legal department should cooperate with schools, together to ban and to terminate gngs. The school administrative organization should teach students in accordance with their aptitude. The objective of future study should focus on the paradox and quality expansion of school management.
    Appears in Collections:[教育政策與領導研究所] 學位論文

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