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    題名: 桃園縣國民小學資訊教育教材選用及其影響因素之研究
    其他題名: A study of instructional material selectionsin information technology education and factors influencing its selection in Tao-yuan's elementary schools
    作者: 王正宏;Wang, Cheng-hung
    貢獻者: 淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班
    張雅芳;Chang, Ya-fung
    關鍵詞: 資訊教育;資訊教師;教材選用;資訊教育教材;資訊教育教科書;Information Technology Education;Information Technology Teacher;Teaching Material Selection;Information Technology Teaching Material;Information Technology Textbook
    日期: 2009
    上傳時間: 2010-01-11 00:11:52 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 本研究旨在了解桃園縣國民小學資訊教育教材編選現況以及資訊教師對資訊教育教材編選之相關意見。本研究採用問卷調查法收集資料,研究工具為自編之「桃園縣國民小學資訊教育教材選用現況及其相關因素之調查問卷」。問卷於2009年元月寄出,結果回收的有效問卷分別是學校130所、資訊教師313份,回收率分別是為77.8%與78.1%。接著使用次數分配及百分比、卡方考驗、單因子變異數分析等統計方法進行問卷資料的分析。
    本研究主要發現如下:
    一、桃園縣國民小學資訊教育作法以每週排一節於彈性學習節數實施為主。
    二、桃園縣國民小學資訊教育內涵三、四年級符合九年一貫課程綱要規範,五六年級略有出入。
    三、桃園縣國民小學資訊教育教材,選用坊間教科書高於自編教材。
    四、桃園縣國民小學資訊教育教師以年輕男性居多,最高學歷以師範院校畢業者居多,多數教師均積極進修以提升專業能力。
    五、桃園縣國民小學資訊教育自編教材以坊間教科書內容不符需求為主要原因,自編專業能力不足與教師時間不足為困難所在。
    六、桃園縣國民小學資訊教育自編教材送課發會審查情形偏低,多數由學校負擔費用。
    七、桃園縣國民小學資訊教育選用坊間教科書原因為坊間教科書內容符合需求、學習資源豐富及教師編寫教材能力不足。
    八、桃園縣國民小學資訊教育選用教科書主要為資訊教師,且其在選用過程中扮演主導地位之角色。
    九、桃園縣國民小學資訊教育選用教科書內容以一般商用軟體為主,自由軟體教學狀況也已達四成。
    十、桃園縣國民小學資訊教育選用教科書購置狀況以總務處購買為主,並與廠商進行議價。多數教師意見認為應比照一般教科書全國議價。
    十一、桃園縣國民小學資訊教育選用教科書教師意見認為應先審定再選用,主要原因為教科書送審,教師選用後進行教學,可維持一定教學品質。
    十二、桃園縣國民小學資訊教育教材選用影響因素在學校實施資訊教育現況以「學校規模」及「資訊教育內涵」為二大影響因素。在資訊教師意見則以教師「是否資訊專長」、「工作職務」及教科書「內容品質」、「審定、議價機制」為主要影響因素。
    十三、桃園縣國民小學對於資訊教育教科書整體使用滿意度為「大部分滿意」,以「教學內容編排」最為滿意。
    十四、桃園縣國民小學對於資訊教育教科書不滿意之處以「輔助教學資源」最高,不滿意處理方式以「自行設計教學內容加以改進」為主,不滿意之後續影響以「視學生學習狀況,考慮是否繼續選用」之情形最高。
    根據上述發現,本研究分別針對教育主管機關、國民小學、國民小學教師、出版商以及未來相關研究提出建議作為參考。
    The purpose of this study was to investigate the current state of instructional material selections in Tao-yuan''s elementary schools’ information technology (IT) education, as well as IT teachers’ opinions about material selections in IT education. The survey method was employed to collect data, and the instrument was a self-developed questionnaire named “the current state of instructional material selections in IT education and the factors influencing its selection in Tao-yuan''s elementary schools”. Copies of the questionnaire were sent to Tao-yuan''s elementary schools in January, 2009. As a result, there were 130 valid copies returned from schools and 313 from IT teachers. The return rates were 77.8% and 78.1% respectively. These data were then analyzed by the use of frequency distribution, percentage, chi-square test, and one-way ANOVA.
    The major findings were as follows:
    1. Most Tao-yuan''s elementary schools implemented IT education in one of the alternative learning periods per week.
    2. Tao-yuan''s elementary schools’ IT education in grades 3 and 4 was roughly in compliance with the Grade 1-9 Curriculum Guidelines; while there exited a slight discrepancy in grades 5 and 6.
    3. Most Tao-yuan''s elementary schools selected publishers’ textbooks as instructional materials for IT education instead of producing their own.
    4. Most IT teachers in Tao-yuan''s elementary schools were young males graduated from Teachers Colleges, and most of them enthusiastically participated in training programs to improve their professional expertise.
    5. The main reason for using self-developed IT materials in Tao-yuan''s elementary schools was that the content of publishers’ textbooks failed to meet teachers’ needs; whereas the difficulties of developing IT materials by school teachers were insufficiency of time and expertise.
    6. The self-developed materials for IT education in Tao-yuan''s elementary schools were seldom submitted to the school’s curriculum development committee for review and approval, and these materials were often provided free of charge.
    7. The main reasons for using publishers’ IT textbooks in Tao-yuan''s elementary schools included the textbooks’ needs-met content, abundant learning resources and insufficiency of teachers’ materials developing abilities.
    8. The persons who took the responsibility of selecting publishers’ IT textbooks in Tao-yuan''s elementary schools were mainly IT teachers, who also played the leading role in the process of selection.
    9. The IT textbooks selected in Tao-yuan''s elementary schools mainly focused on commercial software, whereas the use rate of open source software was about 40%.
    10. Most of the General Affairs Offices in Tao-yuan''s elementary schools were responsible for the bid and purchase of IT textbooks, and many teachers expressed that just like other textbooks, the bid for IT textbooks should be handled nationwide by the government.
    11. Most IT teachers in Tao-yuan''s elementary schools proposed to have IT textbooks reviewed and approved prior to selection, and the main reason was to maintain the quality of instruction to a certain level.
    12. As for schools, the school size and the IT education content were the two major factors influencing IT material selection in Tao-yuan''s elementary schools; and as for IT teachers, the teacher’s expertise in information technology and the work load he or she had, as well as the quality of textbooks and the approval and bidding systems of textbooks were all major influencing factors. .
    13. Overall, most IT teachers in Tao-yuan''s elementary schools stated “mostly satisfied” with publishers’ IT textbooks, with the “arrangement of instructional content” receiving the highest satisfaction.
    14. The least satisfaction regarding IT textbooks in Tao-yuan''s elementary schools was with “supplementary instructional resources” and to deal with that problem, instructional content was then designed by teachers themselves for improvement, and this dissatisfaction further influenced the decision making of continual usage of such textbooks.
    Based on the findings of this study, relevant suggestions are provided for educational authorities, elementary schools, IT teachers, publishers, and future study.
    顯示於類別:[教育政策與領導研究所] 學位論文

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