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    題名: 臺北縣一所偏遠小型國民小學整併過程及其影響之研究
    其他題名: A case study on the process and impacts of a school merger in Taipei county
    台北縣一所偏遠小型國民小學整併過程及其影響之研究
    作者: 秦嘉;Chin, Chia
    貢獻者: 淡江大學教育政策與領導研究所碩士在職專班
    吳明清;Wu, Ming-ching
    關鍵詞: 小型學校;學校整併;small school;school merger
    日期: 2008
    上傳時間: 2010-01-11 00:11:48 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 本研究係以臺北縣一所偏遠小型國民小學為個案,藉之探討臺北縣小型學校整併政策之制定以及該個案學校之整併過程。經以文件分析、參與觀察及訪談為主要方法,蒐集相關實徵性資料,作為分析討論之依據。本研究之訪談係採立意方式選擇整併政策相關教育行政人員、校長及教師、家長、學生以及地方人士為對象,依半結構式的訪談大綱進行訪談。
    綜合文件分析、觀察以及訪談之結果,獲得以下結論並據以提供建議:
    一、臺北縣小型學校係以發展特色學校為其定位,整併政策則以堅守教育本質,發揮資源效益為取向。
    二、臺北縣小型學校整併係考量學生學習、專業發揮以及教育資源平衡等因素,採緩和、漸進方式進行,以「改制」取代「廢校」。
    三、臺北縣小型學校改制計畫的制定係在議員等利害關係人的關心下促成,其執行原則力求務實周延、因地制宜規劃配套措施。
    四、臺北縣推動小型學校整併之配套措施係兼顧教職員工工作以及學生就學權益,另在校務推展部分亦有周延的考量。
    五、個案學校在整併過程雖遭遇困難與阻力,但仍積極溝通協調,尋求共識,並研議各項配套措施。
    六、個案學校整併後,併入學校未因承接個案學校之行政及遊學業務而增置行政人力或減少行政人員授課時數。
    七、個案學校整併能提供學生多元學習環境及拓展學習視野,有助同儕互動學習及群性發展,但對學生課業表現無顯著影響。
    八、個案學校整併對於社區發展之影響有限,而特色學校的推廣,可活絡社區經濟與提升社會教育價值。
    九、個案學校整併可達節省教育經費支出,提升教育資源運用效率。
    This study is mainly based on a school merging case of a small remote elementary school in Taipei County through which the formulating of the small school merging policy and the merging process of the observed school were discussed in depth.
    Numerous observations, interviews, and document analysis were conducted to investigate the influence of the merging process. Consequently, a concrete conclusion was drawn and constructive implications proposed.
    Through the stratified non-probability sampling method, the interviews conducted for this study involved people from educational administrative staffs, principals, teachers, parents, students, and individuals in the community. All the interviewees were interviewed in a way that a semi-structured guideline was used.
    Data analysis of documents, observations and interviews yielded the following conclusions:
    1.Small schools in Taipei County had made an effort to develop a characteristic school whereas merging policy was framed to keep educational goals coherent to the essence of education and the utilized resources wisely.
    2.The merging of small schools in the district took into consideration factors like students’ learning performance, teachers’ professional practices, and balance of educational resources. The process tended to be relatively mild and gradual, adhering to the principle that system reform substitutes for school abolition.
    3.The system reform plan was initiated by representatives of local assembly and all else concerned, mandating the plan to be practically and thoroughly conducted and accompanied by localized supplementary measures.
    4.The supplementary measures promoting the merging of small schools in Taipei County beared notions that both school staff’s working right and students’ schooling right should be taken into consideration. Besides, the promotion of school administration and management has been thoroughly reviewed.
    5.In spite of all the difficulties and resistances encountered when the target school performed the merging plan, consensus and supporting measures were successfully reached and produced through active communication among schools.
    6.Although taking over administration of the school being merged and its travel study affair, the dominant school does not seek to recruit new staff or reduce teaching hours for staff who deal with both teaching and administration at the school.
    7.The merging school provides students with multi-learning environment and broad learning prospects that in turn promote interpersonal learning and teamwork development; however, there is no noticeable positive effect on students’ academic performance.
    8.The merging of small schools have limited influence on the development of local community, nevertheless, the advocate to develop a featured school do stimulate the community economy in its district as well as raise the value of social education.
    9.The merging of schools also offered a way to save educational expenses, achieving greater efficiency in the utilized educational resources .
    顯示於類別:[教育政策與領導研究所] 學位論文

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