根據研究主題，本研究之主要目的有四：一、調查臺北縣國民中學教師角色壓力與工作壓力的現況；二、瞭解不同個人背景變項及學校環境變項的臺北縣國民中學教師在角色壓力與工作壓力之間的差異情形；三、分析臺北縣國民中學教師角色壓力與工作壓力之間的相關情形；四、根據研究結果提出具體建議，以作為改善、調適教師工作壓力之參考。 為達成以上之研究目的，蒐集相關文獻資料後，採問卷調查法探討國民中學教師角色壓力與工作壓力的現況，獲得結論歸納如下： 一、女性國民中學教師在「角色壓力」及「工作壓力負向反應」均高於男性國民中學教師。 二、國民中學學校規模「63 班（含）以上」的國民中學教師在「角色壓力」及「工作壓力負向反應」均高於規模「45-62班」的學校國民中學教師。 三、「角色壓力」與「工作壓力正向反應」之間關係成正相關。 四、「角色壓力」與「工作壓力負向反應」之間關係成正相關。 五、「一般大學畢業教師」在「工作壓力正向反應」顯著高於「師範院校畢業教師」。 六、 年齡層在「31-40 歲」的國民中學教師在「工作壓力負向反應」顯著高於「41-50 歲」國民中學教師。 According to the topic of this study, there are four main purposes on this research: 1.to investigate the present situation on the role stress and job stress of Junior High School teachers in Taipei County; 2. to understand the differences between the role stress and job stress of Junior High School teachers in Taipei County on different personal background variables and school environment variables; 3. to analyze the relation between the role stress and job stress of Junior High School Teachers in Taipei County; 4. to propose specific suggestion for teachers to help improve and adapt themselves to the job stress After related literature reviewing , a questionnaire was undertaken and data analyzed. Finally , some conclusions are presented as follows: 1. Female teachers’ role stress and job stress on negative reaction are higher than male teachers’. 2. Teachers in large junior high school with over 63 classes have higher role stress and job stress on negative reaction than those in small junior high school with class number between 45 and 62. 3. Role stress and job stress on positive reaction are positively correlated. 4. Role stress and job stress on negative reaction are positively correlated. 5. The job stress on positive reaction on teachers graduated from university is more significant than that on those from teachers college . 6. The job stress on negative reaction on the 31 to 40-year-old teachers of junior high schools is more significant than that on the 41 to 50-year-old teachers.