The purpose of this research was aimed to understand the relevant factors between vocational high school students’ environment consciousness o and deviant behavior in Taipei City. First, this study investigated the present situation of vocational high school students'' deviant behavior in Taipei. Second, environment consciousness was divided into three dimensions, schools, classes, and instructors, to explore their impact upon the deviant behavior of vocational high school students.
This study adopted quantitative research method. Literatures, including domestic and foreign scholars'' theories and studies in the areas of school environment consciousness and deviant behavior, were reviewed. A questionnaire, entitled “The relevant factors between vocational high school student’s environment consciousness and deviant behavior ” was developed by the researcher to collect data. Questionnaires were distributed to 913 randomly sampled vocational high school students. The obtained data were statistically analyzed by percentage, ranking, mean value, frequency distribution, standard deviation, t-test, ANOVA and Scheff’s method for posterior comparison.
The conclusions of this study were as follow:
1. In general, vocational high school students in Taipei were capable of compliance with the school’s rules and regulations. In term of deviant behaviors, committing " Academic violation" was the most common. On the other hand, committing "criminal case" behavior was rare.
2. The demographic variables of vocational high school students (gender, grade, German intellectual achievements, class size) had influence on the occurrence of deviant behaviors.
3.Students who indicated unsatisfied consciousness of school size, school facility and school regulations had more deviant behaviors than students who indicated satisfied consciousness.
4. Unsatisfied consciousness of class atmosphere and interaction, feelings of class environment would cause more students’ deviation behaviors.
5. “Democracy” teaching behavior and "Good faith" of the teacher-student relationship would reduce the occurrence of deviant behaviors.
6. Public vocational school students showed higher degree of satisfaction than private students on environment consciousness and teachers’ teaching behaviors.
7. Many variables, such as student''s moral and intellectual education, gender, school nature, outside-class experience, school size and facility, class environment feeling, and teacher-student relationship had predicting ability of student’s deviant behaviors.
Based on the conclusions, recommendations were offered for educational administrations, vocational high schools and teachers to prevent the occurrence of student''s deviation behaviors.