根據相關研究指出，具有童乩身份的成乩者在遭受到社會污名化的影響下，往往不願公開表露身份，其童乩認同明顯出現危機與困擾，因此成乩者之自我如何認同童乩角色，便是本研究的焦點。本研究探討一位女性童乩之成乩過程與自我認同，探討對象為具有大學學歷之社工師，學習西方科學實證之一位女性童乩。而研究方法則採以個案研究法來進行資料的蒐集、整理與分析。 本研究發現研究參與者在成乩過程中受到許多外在他者因素的影響，這些因素可區分出正反兩個方向：其中一個方向為促使朝向成乩之路，另一個方向為抗拒排斥成乩之路。而成乩者的自我就在這二者對立衝突的因素之間，發展其童乩角色的認同。本研究依時間發展的順序，整理出三個認同階段：第一「信與不信」的認同階段；第二「凡與聖」的認同階段；第三「有與無」的認同階段。且當本研究參與者越朝向童乩成乩之路邁進的同時，所遭遇的衝突與對立就越來越朝向個人自身與內在的核心信念發展。 此外本研究同時發現，童乩角色之發展與其自我認同過程是一個不斷抗拒又接受的反覆歷程；成乩心理歷程即為童乩角色的認同歷程，同時亦為自我逐漸分化與超自我逐漸發展之彼消我長之歷程。 Under the social stigma influence of Dang-Ki, in Taiwan most Dang-Ki are not willing to admit their spiritual role in the public outside of temple, which apparently cause crisis and confusion in their self-identity of Dang-Ki. Therefore, this study is focus on how Dang-Kis developed their self-identity as Dang-kis. The study is about a woman''s becoming a Dang-Ki and her self-identity. The research participant, a woman Dang-Ki, is college-degree social worker and is trained under the principal of western scientific empirical knowledge. The research methods adopted case study, includes data collecting, date arrangement and analysis.
The study finds that the process of becoming a Dang-Ki was affected by many factors. These factors can be divided to two directions: positive and negative. The positive direction is encouraged the research participant becoming a Dang-Ki, another is obstacles of the research participant becoming a Dang-Ki. The role identity of becoming a Dang-Ki of the research participant is through confrontation and conflict between the two opposite factors. The researcher found that there are three phases of developing self-identity as a Dang-ki: 1. belief and disbelief. 2. mortal and immortal. 3. all or none. The study found that when the research participant looks more into the progress of the becoming a Dang-Ki, her internal confrontation of dualism gradually turns to be one inner core beliefs.
The study also finds out that the identity process of becoming a Dang-Ki is repetition of resistance and acceptance of one self. The psychological process of becoming a Dang-Ki is the process of self-identity of Dang-Ki and is the decreasing identify of the ego and the increasing development of transpersonal self.