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    Title: 生命的困與破 : 單親媽媽離婚後復原力之敘說分析
    Other Titles: Challenge and overcome of life : the narrative analysis of divorced single mother's resilience
    Authors: 邱弈絜;Chiu, Yi-chieh
    Contributors: 淡江大學教育心理與諮商研究所碩士班
    黃宗堅;Huang, Tsung-chain
    Keywords: 單親媽媽;復原力;敘說分析;single mother;resilience;narrative analysis
    Date: 2006
    Issue Date: 2010-01-11 00:08:50 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 單親媽媽的比例隨著社會變遷而日漸增加,其衍生相關議題也備受重視。本研究突破過去單親媽媽議題以問題取向的方式,轉而針對單親媽媽即使面對生活的困境,依然擁有強大的復原力量做為研究焦點。研究目的乃透過深度訪談蒐集三位單親媽媽的生命故事,利用敘說分析方式整理其文本資料,期望了解單親媽媽在單親生活中所遭遇到的困境以及其所具備的復原力。
    生命是一連串的困境所組合,三位研究參與者如何學習突破這些困境,便是研究者從「整體-內容」的敘說主題中發現他們如何經歷生命當中的困與破。1.阿心從一個受盡寵愛的小女兒,經歷婚姻的不如意,然後走出自己自主的道路,彷彿一朵從溫室移植到荒野的「蘭花」,不因野外的困苦環境而枯萎,反而綻放更動人的姿態;2.阿鳳則是在怎樣艱困且不友善的環境中,都能不屈不撓,堅持為自己開拓一條路,就像「管芒花」無論遭遇如何困難的環境,依然可以傲骨挺立的展現自己;3.阿樺總是經驗到女性是卑微的觀念,但她懂得如何因應環境尋求自己的生存之道,用著一種樂觀的態度面對生命的挑戰,就像是「油麻菜花」般,可以隨處逢生,充滿無比的生命力。
    從文本內容分析後,研究者發現經濟壓力、個人自我心理調適、親子關係、社會支持四個部分是單親媽媽主要遭遇到的生活困境,而其因應壓力的復原力則可分為個人與家庭兩個層次。其中個人層次復原力在於其本身具備獨立、自主以及積極的性格,有著正向轉化的信念態度,願意給自己發聲的機會等。而具備正向的家庭信念、彈性的組織型態、清晰直接的溝通模式等家庭層次復原力也增加家庭的凝聚力,增強面對挑戰的能力。單親媽媽在面對單親歷程的困難,除了自身擁有的個人層次復原力之外,家庭層次復原力也強化單親媽媽因應困境的能力,而個人層次與家庭層次復原力更是彼此相互交織影響。
    此外,研究也發現到單親媽媽所遭遇到的生活經驗,所謂「常態家庭」觀念、傳統對於性別角色的認知、如何扮演母親、女兒、賺食工作者等多重角色的衝突、原生家庭的愛與礙、以及華人文化脈落中「忍」與「還債」的宿命觀點再再都影響著單親媽媽如何發展其因應單親生活的復原力。
    Single mother''s proportion has increased day after day, it grows more attentions to the correlation subject. In the past studies of single mother mostly by the question orientation primarily, neglecting the single mother even if facing the life in difficult position, still had strong resilience. This research used the in-depth interview to collect three single mothers'' life stories, and organized text material by narrative analysis. Hoping to understand single mother encounters the difficult position in the life and their resilience.
    Researcher used “orchids”, “silvergrass manyflower” and “rape flower” to describe the life of three single mothers who how to face the difficulties after divorcing. After the analysis, we found that economical pressure, psychological adjustment, relationship with children, society supports are the main life difficulties of single mother. And the main personal resilience to overcome the pressure is independent, positive individual characteristics, which affect they how to interact with external environment, ex. primary-family and relationship with children etc. And the family resilience enhances the cohesive force of family to increase the ability to face the challenge.
    We also found their life experience, such as the concept of “normal family”, traditional opinions of sexual role, hoe to play multiple roles, the dilemma of primary-family and the traditional fatalism of Chinese, also affect single mother how to develop their resilience.
    Appears in Collections:[教育心理與諮商研究所] 學位論文

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