從三位敘說者的故事中，研究者發現在不同家庭背景成長的敘說者，其原先的教養方式、家人關係等都會影響喪親後家庭成員間的互動，而倖存手足在不同的關係角色中有著相當矛盾的心境，面對關係的改變三位敘說者也有迥異的詮釋。本研究中，研究者根據「親子關係」、「父母婚姻關係」及「其他家人關係」進行分類探討整理，以期更能深刻地體會與了解這些倖存手足在喪親後經驗到了哪些家人關係改變，他們如何解讀這些改變？感受又是如何？此外，研究者也針對研究中所看到的現象提出幾點建議及看法，提供有機會與這類型的個案工作時的專業助人者，或是想進行相關研究者，一個可以參考與省思的方向。 The motivation of this research comes from the author’s experience of the death of a sibling and counsel careers to help people who experienced the death of their family members. In this thesis, we’ll aim at the investigation of changes in family relationships after bereavement.
The methodology of this research is based on “Integral-contents” of narrative research. First, three stories which described the changes in family relationships after bereavement were selected as case studies, and their sad narrations were reorganized to form meaningful story contexts. Next, we reviewed the story contexts again and again to analyze and interpret the influence of death of a sibling according to the professional psychology counseling backgrounds.
The organized stories show that: 1. different growth background, education and family relationships will affect the interaction between family members after bereavement. 2. the survivals of the death of a sibling have complicated moods in different roles of family and have different interpretation when facing to the changes of family relationships. According to the classification of “Parent-Child relationships”, “Parents’ marriage relationships” and “Other family members’ relationships”, we’ll further discuss what they will experience in changes of family relationships after bereavement? How will they interpret these changes? And how will they feel? Furthermore, several opinions and suggestions will be proposed to provide different aspects for consultants or researchers who are interested in this topic.