English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Items with full text/Total items : 51254/86278 (59%)
Visitors : 8003860      Online Users : 51
RC Version 7.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library & TKU Library IR team.
Scope Tips:
  • please add "double quotation mark" for query phrases to get precise results
  • please goto advance search for comprehansive author search
  • Adv. Search
    HomeLoginUploadHelpAboutAdminister Goto mobile version
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/30996

    Title: 艾森豪政府在1954年日內瓦會議之政策
    Other Titles: The 1954 Geneva conference on Indochina : an analysis of the policy adopted by U.S. president Eisenhower's administration
    Authors: 陳威廷;Chen, Wei-ting
    Contributors: 淡江大學美國研究所碩士班
    戴萬欽;Tai, Wan-chin
    Keywords: 美國;艾森豪政府;日內瓦會議;中南半島;the Eisenhower Administration;Geneva Conference;united action;Decision making;domino theory;collective security
    Date: 2009
    Issue Date: 2010-01-11 00:07:45 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 法國與越盟之間位於中南半島的殖民戰爭自1946年開始,直到1954年日內瓦會議簽訂停戰協定後宣告結束,共歷時了9個年頭。其間,美國為了東南亞地區豐沛的天然資源所帶來的利益,以及該地區戰略地位的重要性,對法國政府提供了大量的物資援助。在艾森豪執政時期,由於「骨牌理論」的影響,其政府決策者相信一旦中南半島淪陷,整個東南亞地區將相繼遭到赤化,因此對法國政府的援助達到了一個高峰。然而,美國的援助無法使法國在戰場上得到勝利。相反的,法國政府因為在中南半島的戰事節節敗退,而有了退出了念頭。1954年的日內瓦會議就是在這樣的氣氛下舉辦。在冷戰的架構下,以和平談判解決中南半島的戰爭並不符合美國之利益。因此,艾森豪總統與國務卿杜勒斯試圖阻止日內瓦會議的舉行。在此企圖失敗後,美國的政策轉而尋求透過該會議,在東南亞地區建立起一個共同的防禦機制,藉此防止共產主義在此地區的擴散。
    The colonial war between France and the Vietminh in Indochina started in 1946 and ended with the signing of the Geneva Accords in 1954. The United States provided the French government considerable logistic assistance during this period of time because of both the strategic position and abundant resources of South East Asia. During the Eisenhower administration, decision makers were convinced of the validity of the domino theory (i.e., a belief that held once Indochina fell, the rest of South East Asia would also fall into the hand of communist powers), and therefore U.S. assistance to France reached its maximum at this time. However, U.S. assistance couldn’t guarantee victory for the French on the battlefield. Indeed, the French government actually sought to withdraw from Indochina because the conflict was worsening. It was under such circumstances that the Geneva Conference of 1954 was convened. Amidst the general atmosphere of the Cold War, ending the war in Indochina through peaceful compromise and negotiations did not correspond to U.S. interests. Therefore, Eisenhower and his secretary of state, John F. Dulles endeavored to block this Conference from being held. After their failed attempt, U.S. policy toward the Geneva Conference switched to one of building a collective defense organization in South East Asia, in order to contain the spread of communism.
    In this thesis, the author applies the rational model from decision-making theory as a framework for analysis. In particular, this thesis focuses on the exploration of the following hypothesis:
    H: Although the holding of the Geneva Conference didn’t correspond to U.S. expectations, President Eisenhower still sent a delegation because he thought that such an action could provide a means of stopping communism from spreading in South East Asia.
    In terms of structure, the first chapter provides the author’s motives, literature review, outlines of research theory, scope, rationale, and expected academic contributions. The second chapter discusses decision-making theory and the hypothesis stated above. The third chapter explores the background of the first Indochina war, the contents of the Geneva Accords, and U.S. preparation prior to the Geneva Conference. The fourth chapter focuses on the reactions between the participants at this Conference, especially on the U.S, Britain, France, and the People’s Republic of China. The fifth chapter uses a rational model to examine the decision-making process of the Eisenhower administration. The last chapter presents the conclusions of the thesis.
    The thesis concludes with two main findings: (1) the evidence fits with the author’s hypothesis that President Eisenhower considered the Geneva Conference a means of blocking communism from spreading in South East Asia, and (2) the Conference spelled deterioration in the relationship between the United States and the Britain. After World War I, the U.S and Britain remained allies and cooperated with each other in international affairs. However, during negotiations at the Geneva Conference, because of different concerns, the strategies of the two governments led to opposite and confrontational positions, eventually resulting in rising tensions between the two nations. This underscores the fact that in international relations, national interests reigns supreme above all other considerations.
    Appears in Collections:[美國研究所] 學位論文

    Files in This Item:

    File SizeFormat

    All items in 機構典藏 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.

    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library & TKU Library IR teams. Copyright ©   - Feedback