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    Title: The decision-making process of reappraising the U.S. nonmilitary policy toward Taiwan (from January 21,1949 to June 24, 1950)
    Other Titles: 美國政府對臺非軍事政策再議之決策過程(1949 年1 月 21 日至1950 年6 月25 日)
    Authors: 盧博仁;Lu, Bo-ren
    Contributors: 淡江大學美國研究所碩士班
    陳一新;Chen, Edward I-hsin
    Keywords: 台美中關係;The wedge strategy;The Chinese Titoism;The offshore island defensive chain;The China bloc;U.S. policy toward Taiwan
    Date: 2008
    Issue Date: 2010-01-11 00:07:01 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 1949 春天,美國面臨國民政府在內戰中的全面潰敗並苦思如何確保台灣不
    九五Ο 年六月二十四日韓戰爆發這段期間美國政府對台非軍事政策再議之決策
    In the spring of 1949, the United States was encountered with the collapse of the
    Chinese Nationalist government in the Civil War and pondered how to keep the
    Chinese communists away from taking over Taiwan. Due to the disparity between the
    strength and global obligations, the United States government decided to provide
    Taiwan with political and economic assistances. However, the controversy over the
    strategic value of Taiwan remained heated in the U.S. government until the outbreak
    of the War in Korea.
    The thesis applies Graham Allison’s three models, namely, rational actor model
    (RAM), Organizational behavior model (OBM), and Governmental politics model
    (GPM), to explore the decision-making process of reappraising U.S. nonmilitary
    policy toward Taiwan. Three hypotheses are derived from the theoretical discussion.
    Therefore, the main purpose of this thesis is to analyze the U.S. decision-making
    process of reappraising the nonmilitary policy toward Taiwan from January 21, 1949,
    when Dean Acheson assumed the post as Secretary of State, to June 24, 1950, when
    the Korean War broke out. From the perspective of RAM, the U.S. government
    favored the wedge strategy to contain the Soviet Union, thereby avoiding any move
    enraging the Chinese communists. As a result, the U.S. nonmilitary policy toward
    Taiwan was adopted until the outbreak of the Korean War. From the perspective of
    OBM, the State Department was in favor of the wedge strategy and dominated the
    decision-making process. Accordingly, the U.S. nonmilitary policy toward Taiwan
    was adhered regardless of constant challenges from within and outside the State
    Department, such as the China bloc, the Defense Department and the State
    Department’s Bureau of Far Eastern Affairs. From the perspective of GPM, Dean
    Acheson, Secretary of State, was firmly convinced the value and likelihood of the
    wedge strategy. And, most importantly, he maintained close relations with President
    Harry S. Truman. Consequently, he dominated the decision-making process and
    defeated all challenges of the U.S. nonmilitary policy toward Taiwan, particularly
    from Louis Johnson, Secretary of Defense, and Dean Rusk, Assistant Secretary of
    State for Far Eastern Affairs.
    Judging from the aforementioned analysis, the main theme of the thesis is that
    the United Stated decided to adhere to the nonmilitary policy toward Taiwan until the
    Korean War broke our because the strategic value of Taiwan was not as important as
    that of the wedge strategy on Communist China. The successful testing of the three
    hypotheses proves that Allison’s three models can be applicable in the case study of this thesis.
    Appears in Collections:[美國研究所] 學位論文

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