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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/30971

    Title: 美國校園暴力成因及防治之研究
    Other Titles: A study of the factors and preventions of American campus violence
    Authors: 石仲玲;Shih, Jhong-ling
    Contributors: 淡江大學美國研究所碩士班
    紀舜傑;Ji, Shun-jie
    Keywords: 校園暴力;暴力文化;槍枝管理;種族問題;campus violence;violent culture;firearm regulation;ethnic problems
    Date: 2008
    Issue Date: 2010-01-11 00:06:33 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 校園風氣相當開放的美國,有許多來自不同地區、不同國籍的學生,因此美國的學術界顯得相當多元,另外再加上美國本身的高度自由性,讓學生幾乎有能力做任何事情。回顧過去,美國曾傳出多起校園槍擊事件,這似乎也意味著美國校園安全這一塊有很大的缺失。本研究打算對於美國校園暴力的成因、預防手段、法律制度…等面向做進一步討論,試圖找出提升美國校園安全性的可能方式。




    With many students from different regions and countries, the campus atmosphere in America is pretty open. Consequently, the academic field in America is quite diverse. In addition, America always stands for the high liberty. These all allow students to get the chance to do anything you can image. Review the past, it is clear that many firearm incidences occurred in America, which implied the serious breach of security on American campus. Therefore, this research tends to proceed the extended discussion on the causes, preventions, legislation of violence on American campus and tries to seek the possible methods to improve the security on American campus.

    In recent years, many firearm incidences at large or small scale occurred in America. And the assault and battery also can be widely seen on American campus. From this condition, one can sense that there is serious breach of security on American campus. However, what factor, on earth, causes the frequent occurrence of American campus violence? There are two possible factors, one is the complex nationalities; the other is the overflow of gun privatization. These two factors severely destroy the campus peace in America because any student may rise the passive emotion from the fighting and reach the gun from the house to create the big trouble. Besides, the occurrences of campus violence, in fact, mostly are related to racism. Therefore, many Asian students became the member in the violent incidences and most changed from the roles of the bullied to the criminals causing campus firearm incidences. For this reason, the management on campus and the interaction between teachers and students also become the very important factor.

    Many Americans without pureblood differ from American main stream in appearance, ability, accent and even personality and so on. These differences all caused them to be bullied, insulted and mistreated and led to the campus violence. On the other hand, a great many of pure-blooded American children grew under the violence and sex, which made them tend to perform violent behaviors toward the weak. Therefore, we can assume the over open and complex society matured the major causes of children’s violent orientation. And once the campus violence happens, the condition will either be just blows exchange or, seriously, the appearance of some lethal weapons like knife and gun. However, this also must be ascribed the blame to the over loose of lethal weapons (firearm) in the American legislations. In many regions, the lethal firearm can even be reached easily. Furthermore, the weak children suffering the long-term campus violence or mental barrier may be caused by the extreme resentment around their living surroundings; the resentment can even trigger those children to rise their guns and tend to make a slaughter on the go! And numerous campus tragedies thus occurred.

    How to prevent the campus violence and even effectively reduce the probability of campus violence? This research proposes the following viewpoints. From the eye of school, teachers can be required to strengthen the ability to deal with the students’ problems instantly. Schools also can regulate the stuff that the students carry with them and then advocate the learning environment with diverse purposes to ensure that students can study without any threat. In the meantime, schools also have to establish a set of preventive mechanism toward campus violence, reinforce the students’ abilities to manage their emotion in daily lives and teach the students with different cultural backgrounds how to respect with each other in order to improve the peaceful atmosphere on campus. On the side of legislation, the authorities must increase the threshold of firearm regulation and put into practice sternly. The authorities also need to use legislative power to ensure the students’ security on campus. Moreover, the society should effectively regulate and decrease the violence and sex to provide children with healthy and sound growing environment and to reduce the probability of campus violence with effect. As for the household, the aspect that the authorities need to advocate greatly is the relationship between parents and children. Parents should keep eyes on the condition of children’s physical and mental development and give the concern in time to lower the probability of children’s misbehaviors at school.

    Actually, consider the present condition in America, all the above preventions are hard to deliver. In addition, owing to the geographical factor, many existing regulations toward firearm cannot also be practiced sternly. Therefore, trying to prevent the campus violence completely may still leave many parts to strengthen.
    Appears in Collections:[美國研究所] 學位論文

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