English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Items with full text/Total items : 55222/89520 (62%)
Visitors : 10721849      Online Users : 30
RC Version 7.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library & TKU Library IR team.
Scope Tips:
  • please add "double quotation mark" for query phrases to get precise results
  • please goto advance search for comprehansive author search
  • Adv. Search
    HomeLoginUploadHelpAboutAdminister Goto mobile version
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/30964

    Title: Affirmative action : an American policy dilemma
    Other Titles: 種族優待措施 : 美國政策困境
    Authors: 方淑娟;Fang, Shu-chuan
    Contributors: 淡江大學美國研究所碩士班
    崔馬吉;Trimarchi, Anthony G.
    Keywords: 種族優待措施;affirmative action
    Date: 2006
    Issue Date: 2010-01-11 00:06:09 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 「種族優待措施」係為矯正美國歷史上的種族歧視問題,而諭令聯邦機關在僱用有色人種時應採取積極的補償措施,以改善黑人困境。之後其概念漸漸擴張,泛指美國政府為彌補少數族裔或弱勢族群過去所遭受的歧視傷害,而在求職或申請入學時提供特別優惠措施,以提高其競爭力之政策。本論文旨在探討優惠待遇在美國高等教育、就業和勞動市場等領域內的運作、它所造成的結果以及此項措施有無繼續存在的價值,究應加以終結或以其他可行方案代替之。
    “Affirmative action” means positive steps taken to increase the representation of women and minorities in areas of employment, education, and business from which they have been historically excluded. When those steps involve preferential selection — selection on the basis of race, gender, or ethnicity — affirmative action generates intense controversy. Advocates of affirmative action argue that some form of preferential treatment is essential to break down long-standing patterns of discrimination against minorities and women so that employment patterns will more accurately reflect the pluralistic nature of American society. On the contrary, critics of affirmative action claim that it is “reverse discrimination” and a violation of the Fourteenth Amendment of the U. S. Constitution for seeing people in terms of groups and not as individuals.

    This thesis aims to analyze how affirmative action has functioned in the field of higher education and employment in the United States, what consequences it has caused, and whether its principles can be justified. This study also shows how judicial rulings of the Supreme Court in two important cases, Regents of the University of California v. Bakke (1978) and Grutter v. Bollinger (2003), have transformed the noble ideal of equal opportunity for all individuals into the much more problematic goal of equal results for all groups.

    Finally, the study comes to a conclusion with a ringing call for all Americans to end affirmative action and to reclaim the nation’s shared values of equal protection under the law, without reference to race, color, gender, or national origin.
    Appears in Collections:[Graduate Institute of American Studies] Thesis

    Files in This Item:

    File SizeFormat

    All items in 機構典藏 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.

    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library & TKU Library IR teams. Copyright ©   - Feedback