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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/30961

    Title: 美國公立學校宗教活動之研究--以閱讀聖經及禱告為例
    Other Titles: American public school's religious education: a case study of bible reading and prayer
    Authors: 洪乾祐;Hung, Chien-yu
    Contributors: 淡江大學美國研究所碩士班
    李本京;Lee, Thomas B.
    Keywords: 政教分離;禱告;閱讀聖經;宗教自由;公立學校;Separate of church and state;Voluntary prayer;Equal Access Act;Freedom of religion;Public school;Religious education
    Date: 2005
    Issue Date: 2010-01-11 00:06:01 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 美國自從聯邦最高法院於一九六二年及一九六三年宣告於公立學校內由校方規定學生禱告及閱讀聖經是違憲之後,在公立學校內的宗教活動就一直是被探討的問題,而這個問題所牽涉到便是美國聯邦憲法第一修正案中所提的「宗教自由」,其內涵則包括了有「禁止設置條款」以及「自由行使條款」。



    After the U.S Supreme Court declared that Engel v. Vitale(1962)and Abington School District v. Schempp(1963)were unconstitutional, attributing to the reason that students at public school were ruled to pray and read Bible. The typical issue of religious education has been widely discussed up to now. This issue discussed in this thesis was related to the Freedom of Religion of the First Amendment. One of cases is the free exercise clause, and another is the establishment clause.

    The main issues in religious education in the U.S. public school are voluntary prayer, Bible reading, teaching Evolutionism, putting the Cross up in the classroom, making use of the classroom and resources in public school. In my thesis, I discussed the voluntary prayer and Bible reading only. This issue was most widely discussed by the Congress and the organizations of religion, especially the New Christian Right.

    The prayer led by the priests at the graduation of the public school was also unconstitutional. That’s the reason that those people who pro the prayer in public school tried to pass the Amendment in 60’s, 80’s and 90’s, but still failed at last. Then passed the Equal Access Act.

    To pray and read Bible in the private school is acceptable; However, in the public school, it’s still a controversy issue. In that the public school is a compulsory educational system, asking student to pray in the public school is disputable. In the future, this kind of issue will still happen in the public school. Therefore, the school district, State and the government cannot take off the responsibility to look for the best way to solve the problem.
    Appears in Collections:[美國研究所] 學位論文

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