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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/30955

    Title: 多元文化主義的論辯與實踐 - 1970年後墨西哥裔移民的國家認同
    Other Titles: Multiculturalism in the United States: national identity of Mexican immigrants since 1970
    Authors: 黃逵玉;Huang, Kuei-yu
    Contributors: 淡江大學美國研究所碩士班
    紀舜傑;Ji, Shun-jie
    Keywords: 多元文化主義;國家認同;墨西哥裔移民;multiculturalism;national identity;Mexican Immigrant
    Date: 2008
    Issue Date: 2010-01-11 00:05:45 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 70年代開始,多元文化主義隨著60年代民權運動的鼓舞與啟迪,以及美國國內的許多的族裔、弱勢群體們,追求自我認同、自我權力的同時也開始嶄露其頭角。而其訴求的正是,任何一個族裔群體與文化不應該或必須去掩蓋它者與自己;同時每一個族裔群體得保持著對自身文化的認同。社會提供了多種文化的平等、交流、保存的平台與條件,然而最終達成群體的和諧與認同。
    From the 60’s, Civil Rights Movements along with lots of ethnic and minority groups in the United States started to pursuit their right, identity and self-approval. Multiculturalism was ignited by this momentum and started to gain power during 70’s. Multiculturalism sought that any ethnic groups and cultures should not be covered by each other. Simultaneously each ethnic group should maintain their own cultural identity and self-approval. The society had to provide many kinds of cultural exchange and preserved platform, and then achieved the harmony and identification of the whole community.
    This is so different from melting pot. Someone described multiculturalism as a salad bowl which represents diverseness. Therefore all kinds of ethnic groups and cultures should not assimilate into one. Instead their fairness and representation in the whole society are more important. This is also the same idea of multiculturalism political process and policy.
    The debates had started to go on, since the idea of melting pot been overthrown. Debates mainly focused on the principles whether multiculturalism had broken the spirit of assimilation. What is the identity of American, if every immigrant can preserve their own culture?
    It was also happened in 70’s, when massive Mexican immigrants crowded into the border of United States with astonishing quantity and speed. Mexicans compare with Americans is a totally different cultural, linguistic, and racial group. So do their habits and customs. Then this thesis will focus on if multiculturalism can help Mexican immigrants accommodate to the new country and to shape their new national identity in the United States.
    The article concluded with two findings: In order to keep Mexican immigrants in touch with the U.S. society constantly, we should promote their education attainment and English ability. Second, eliminates the prejudice and the discrimination in the U.S, society. When immigrants and the society present good interactions, the share of national identity will be easier. If multiculturalism can provide the evenness society, and civics in the society show respect to each other, it will help Mexican immigrants share the national identity in the United States.
    Appears in Collections:[美國研究所] 學位論文

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