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    題名: 華裔美人自我認同之反思 : 評析張純如中國歷史之研究
    其他題名: The reflection of Chinese American's self-identity : critiques of Iris Chang's works on Chinese history
    作者: 姚明俐;Yao, Ming-li
    貢獻者: 淡江大學美國研究所碩士班
    尤本立;Yu, Pen-li
    關鍵詞: 張純如;南京大屠殺;自我認同;華裔美人;錢學森;Iris Chang;The rape of Nanking;Self-identity;Chinese American;Tsien Hsue-shen
    日期: 2006
    上傳時間: 2010-01-11 00:05:37 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 當《南京大屠殺》成《紐約時報》暢銷書,形成一股輿論的力量,張純如與社會大眾建立溝通與對話的管道,而喚起世人對南京大屠殺事件的省思。因此,張純如所帶領起關注南京大屠殺事件的風潮,引起許多美國人對南京大屠殺事件的關注與反省,張純如成為一個「重要他人」,成就她個人在歷史上所扮演的角色與意義,形成本文探索張純如個人以及其作品的起始點。

    除了《南京大屠殺》,張純如尚有《中國飛彈之父—錢學森之謎》與《華人在美國》;基於個人研究動機以及研究目的之外,這兩本書並非如《南京大屠殺》一樣,引起廣泛的社會回響。然而,雖然這三本書看起來像是一個個單一的主題,但由文本的內容以及張純如個人對其著作的評論,卻可推論出華裔美人張純如自我認同的問題,說明張純如具有美式的西方思想,但其內心卻認為自己是中華民族的一份子。自我認同問題之所以有必要被討論,重點在於個人認同的立場影響到詮釋作品的視角;尤其當張純如的作品具有影響社會的力量之時,有關張純如自我認同的問題則需要被重視。

    從個人自我認同的問題為研究起點,本文研究路線則由〈第貳章〉說明張純如的家庭以及生長環境如何影響其個人的思想,並發現張純如的性格如何主導作品內容。延續上一章,〈第參章〉則由張純如的性格特點與寫作動機與目的做一番聯繫,點出三本書的重點以及特點。在致力完成探索個人內在的前兩章,〈第肆章〉則從張純如如何利用其作品建立與社會之間的溝通管道;再由社會的輿論迴響,反向證明張純如與社會之間紐帶的強弱關係。有別於前三部分,〈第伍章〉則以張純如為連結點,連接與之有身分或主題相關的作家與作品,指出張純如眾多華作家以及中國研究專家當中,以《南京大屠殺》奠定其歷史上的地位。

    整體而言,本文研究張純如,始於研究個人特質的微觀視角,進而漸漸推展到與社會做一番連結,最後在把張純如這個核心人物放到宏觀的時空框架之下,檢視張純如在歷史上的角色以及定位,說明張純如具有雙重自我認同的同時,帶給她的開放以及侷限性。
    As the Rape of Nanking being the New York Times best seller for several months, Iris Chang found out a way to communicate with the society and tried to cost the concern and reflection of the forgotten holocaust of the WWII. Indeed, from various book reviews and reports, it is clear to say that Iris Chang had been disseminated her ideal successfully. Hence, Chang’s contribution demonstrated her role as a significant other and caused my concern to study.

    Besides The Rape of Nanking, Iris Chang wrote two other books; one was The Thread of the Silkworm, and another was The Chinese in America. Even though three books were not so popular as The Rape of Nanking, which caused a tremendous echo, they played equal important roles when discussing Iris Chang’s self-identity. By reviewing these three books written by Chang, it can be identified that American and Chinese culture are mixed within her thought. Since the issue of identity will affect personal judgment and evaluation toward each issue; as a result, because Iris Chang became a famous writer, the issue of her self-identity should be seriously treated.

    Starting from the question, self- identity, how the family and environment affect the individual is mainly discussed in chapter two. Besides, how can Chang’s personalities affect the structure of each context is the transition between this and next chapter. As in the last chapter, Chang’s study motivation and purpose are discussed in this chapter, and then, the specialty and importance of each will be told. After analyzing the individual, it needs to unearth the solidarity between Chang and the society; furthermore, from public opinions, it can be counter reasoned how strong the solidarity and connections between Iris Chang and the society. Different from previous three parts, chapter five took Iris Chang and her books as the starting point to compare with other writers and works, which are partially relevant to Iris Chang’s identity and writings. From this chapter, the historicity and significance of Iris Chang and her work, The Rape of Nanking can be identified.

    In conclusion, this thesis begins at the micro perspective to study Chang’s identity and characteristics, then goes into the analyzing the connection between the individual and society, and finally reach to the macro perspective to point out the achievement of iris Chang when comparing other writers and works. Therefore form the study, we can learn how the dual self-identity opens and restricts Iris Chang’s horizons.
    顯示於類別:[美國研究所] 學位論文

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