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    Title: Thomas jefferson's missouri controversy: generational sovereignty and slavery
    Other Titles: 傑佛遜的密蘇里爭議:世代主權與奴隸制度
    Authors: 朱文章;Chu, Sydney Wen-jang
    Contributors: 淡江大學美國研究所博士班
    陳一新;Chen, Edward I-hsin
    Keywords: 共和主義;世代主權;奴隸制度;聯邦;Republicanism;generational sovereignty;slavery;Union
    Date: 2008
    Issue Date: 2010-01-11 00:05:05 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 1819年密蘇里地區向美國國會提出加入聯邦的請求,引起國會議員爭辯,並形成美國歷史以及憲法史上的「密蘇里妥協」。在此之前,美國各州在國會議事,皆在追求本州或本地區利益。開國先賢如傑弗遜等深知地方主義對彼等辛苦締建的聯邦並無裨益,故極力消弭之。1800年後南方共和黨人在傑佛遜、麥迪遜、門羅等帶領下長期執政,有效地消弭北方聯邦黨對新共和的離心,在憲法相關規定未臻明確的情況下,苦心經營,保全了聯邦的統一。


    Before the Missouri Compromise, Americans found that each state, or region, desired different policies that would benefit it specifically. Jefferson realized that it would be improbable, if not impossible, to have states with different interests agree on issues to pass effective legislation. Had the Republicans not in power after 1800, northern states in all likelihood would have maintained their own sectional interest structure and remain unconcerned with that of its neighbors unless conflict arose. It was at best unwise to let the distinct states to have their own way in the Union. The Republicans did, despite outstanding political theory that stipulated that republic government could not be maintained in regions greater than city-states, whatever they could to keep the Union together. But the changing interests caused by wars and expanding landscape eventually challenged the two generation’s perception toward each other and toward the Constitution, or the revolution legacy, itself during the Debate.
    Few things caused Jefferson more consternation than the Controversy, which Jefferson considered the “firebell in the night” and that the Compromise would “reprieve only, not a final sentence”. Missouri, to him, was the example of how Americans posterities may not sustain legacy of the fathers; it was also the example of how interest of one state or region suppressing new states, the future generations. This article reveals when congressmen set up a precedent to check the admission of Missouri, the dead (disguised by the forms of municipal law as Jefferson mentioned in his letter to Madison in 1789) waged a war on the living generation in Missouri and these congressmen thus bore a greater responsibility for the “treason against the hopes of the world”.
    Appears in Collections:[美國研究所] 學位論文

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