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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/30927

    Title: 臺灣與德國國會的混合選舉制度之比較研究
    Other Titles: A comparative study on the mix election system between Taiwan and German congress.
    Authors: 王仕賢;Wang, Shih-hsien
    Contributors: 淡江大學歐洲研究所碩士班
    郭秋慶;Kuo, Chiu-ching
    Keywords: 台灣;德國;立法院;德國聯邦議會;混合選舉制度;Taiwan;German;Legislative Yuan;Bundestag;Hybrid Election System
    Date: 2008
    Issue Date: 2010-01-11 00:04:21 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 台灣於2008年1月12日正式邁出選舉制度改革的第一步,在第七屆立法委員選舉將原本複數選區單記非讓渡選舉制度改為單一選區相對多數選制與比例代表選舉制度的混合制,正式落實了多年來欲改革之選舉制度成為單一選區兩票制。然而,因為首次採用之選舉制度究竟是否適合台灣,從選舉後之結果來看確實發現許多目前選舉制度之缺失。例如:國會議員職權的地方議員化、每個選區人口數不均及各縣市行政區等級大小不一與選區造成的妥適性問題與因為採用此選制產生選票與席次的比例性偏差等問題。
    Taiwan made a great stride in the reform of election rules in January 1st, 2008.The seventh-term legislator election would replace the current Multi-Member-District,Single Non-Transferable Vote with the mixed system, ie, the single-member district simple plurality system as well as proportional representation. This exactly fulfills the single-member district and two-vote system for these years. However, this great transforming raises the controversial issue regarding the reality in Taiwan. The implementation of this newly election rules did have some imperfections. First of all, the congressman’s authority degenerate into assemblyman . Second, the unequal populations, and the different level of the administrative division in every district. Third, this also raises the questions about the compromise tendency for voting area, and the proportional deviation to the seats and votes.

    German is the founding country of the single-member district simple plurality system as well as proportional representation. But her additional member system exists the difference of fundamental system to mixed system in Taiwan. As a result, I will compare Germany with Taiwan as a criterion.

    The methodology of this thesis mainly adopts the Comparative Analysis and reinforces the Historical Analysis. This research first aims to introduce the evolution of election system in these two countries. It further analyzes the three imperfections of the new system in Taiwan mentioned above in comparison with Germany. This thesis also reflects the voting conditions and the political effect of the party politics under this election system reacted by the two different countries citizens. It concludes my evaluations and suggestions for reforming the elections in Taiwan in the future.

    This thesis includes five chapters. The first chapter is the introduction for the overview concept. The second is the fundamental definition of the election system for Germany and Taiwan. The third is the issues for citizens and number of seating in these two countries. The forth is the comparison of voting conditions and political effects for the mixed system in Taiwan and Germany. The last chapter is the evaluation.
    Appears in Collections:[歐洲研究所] 學位論文

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