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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/30911

    Title: 比利時之社會分歧與政治體制的轉變(1993-2004)
    Other Titles: Belgium's divergent society and the change of its political system (1993-2004)
    Authors: 梁玉珊;Liang, Yu-shan
    Contributors: 淡江大學歐洲研究所碩士班
    蔡政文;Tsai, Cheng-wen
    Date: 2005
    Issue Date: 2010-01-11 00:03:39 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 比利時於1830年建國,是一個種族、文化分歧度非常高的國家,其社會結構是多元分歧且異質性的,各主要政黨亦反映了比利時各族群與團體的特殊性,在這樣多元分歧的社會結構下,政黨競爭受到制度的制約,政治菁英在妥協中尋求共識以維持國家的穩定。以往佔人口少數的法語區瓦隆尼人統治及壓迫多數人口的荷語區法蘭德人,然而物換星移,法蘭德人取得政治與經濟上的優勢後,並沒有將昔日所受到的苦難重新加諸於瓦隆尼人,反而聯手透過制度的設計將行政權力的大餅一分為二,共同分享權力。因此族群若能摒除歧見,繼續維持合作的關係,則政治就能達到相對穩定的境界。



    第一章 緒論
    第二章 社會分歧及其背景因素
    第三章 國家體制與政治體制的發展
    第四章 解決社會多元族群的政治安排及技術
    第五章 1993年後之選舉
    第六章 評估及展望
    第七章 結論
    Belgium, established in 1830, is a plural and divergent society in politics, religion and culture aspects. Due to the geographical and historical reasons, the conflicts existed between the Dutch-speaking Flemish and the French-speaking Walloons. Therefore, the political elites launched into a series of political reforms to devolve equal political resources to each ethnic group.

    The unique federal system of Belgium since 1993 has transformed into three governances: federal government, the communities, and the regions. The complicated arrangement is that each government has its own legislative and executive body. Belgium has become officially a federal country which comprise three individual communities: Flemish, French and German, three different regions: Flanders, Wallonia, and Brussels-Capital, and four linguistic areas: Dutch, French, German, and bi-lingua Brussels.

    As Arend Lijphart indicated, Belgium represents an outstanding system of consociational democracy, especially in dealing with language and ethnic issues. The author attempts to focus this thesis on political arrangements, analyzing the interactions between two major ethic groups after 1993 in the chapter 4 and 5. By the major approach of historical and secondary literature analysis, coupled with the perspective of political-sociology, party system and the consociational democracy model of Lijphart, the thesis is divided into seven chapters and the structure is as follows:

    1. Introduction
    2. The factors of social divergences
    3. Development of federal and political system
    4. The political arrangements and methods for plural ethnic issues
    5. Elections since 1993
    6. Examination and perspectives
    7. Conclusion
    Appears in Collections:[歐洲研究所] 學位論文

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