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    題名: 西班牙政經轉型對國家競爭力之影響
    其他題名: The impact of political and economic transformation on national competitiveness in Spain
    作者: 田欣怡;Tien, Hsin-i
    貢獻者: 淡江大學歐洲研究所碩士班
    陳雅鴻;Chen, Ya-hong
    關鍵詞: 歐洲聯盟;西班牙;國家競爭力;經濟整合;European Union;Spain;National Competitiveness;Economic Integration
    日期: 2008
    上傳時間: 2010-01-11 00:03:36 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 二次戰後各國紛紛加入國際性組織,國與國之間形成合作且競爭的形式,在當時國際環境之下,西班牙因為二次大戰協助軸心國以及隸屬非民主政體而遭到國際組織的排斥,就連歐洲初期的統合也無法加入。佛朗哥逝世後,由國王卡洛斯從上到下推動政治改革,展開國家新局。西班牙亦憑藉自身努力,逐漸開放國內市場並且積極加入歐體,配合歐體共同政策之執行,國家實力明顯提升。


    After World War II, various countries acceded to the international organizations, they cooperated and competed between each others. At that time, Spain was isolated by the international organizations because she supported the Axis privately at World War II and she was not a democratic regime. For that reason, she couldn’t join the first step of european integration. After Francisco Franco passed away, King Juan Carlos promoted the political reform, and brought Spain to a bright future. Of course, Spain used of her own efforts to open up domestic market gradually and to accede to European Community. She followed and enforced the common policies of European Community, now the national competitiveness of Spain has obviously improved.

    Europe has been the driving force of economic policy in Spain over the past four decades and the key factor behind the modernization and globalization of the Spanish economy. The process of accession to the EC was carried out in several stages. First, trade openness, exports were liberalized before 1986, while imports were liberalized from that date onward. Secondly, adjustable measures after accession, such as privatization of public enterprise, industrial restructuring, trade deregulation etc, to increase competitiveness. Finally, complete economic integration, member states must gave up the exchange rate and monetary sovereignty, they carried out a process of nominal convergence and fiscal consolidation for a long time to achieve real convergence between european countries. Therefore, this thesis tries to analyze and prove the positive influence of political and economic transformation on national competitiveness in Spain.

    According to the study, we can realize that under the international isolated situation, Spain negotiated for a long time with European Community, finally became member state of EC. Hence, Spain has been transformed peacefully from autocratic and dictatorship government to a democratic regime. Being member state of EC helped Spain to strength economic level and to improve internal political and economic situation. Moreover, the unemployment rate performed better in recent years, national income also increased and economic growth rate soared upward, Spain become more stable in political situation and economic performance .
    顯示於類別:[歐洲研究所] 學位論文


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