最後本文將根據探討以上課題所得的結論與雙方近年來國內政治情勢的最新變化，來釐清德波關係在歐盟統合中扮演的角色。本文認為新現實主義的思維仍將主導未來德波關係發展的走向，而兩國未來外交政策的態度和立場也將深受到對國內政治因素優先考量的影響。 Since 1998 the Schröder’s Government in office, the German-Polish Relations have changed throughout the years and now look even more different than usual. These relations were deeply affected by the domestic political situation and by the difference of foreign polices in both countries.
In this thesis, I will point out the German-Polish relations according to the neorealist theory that treats the competition and the cooperation between Germany and Poland. I will also analyze the foreign policies of both sides and the meaning of them to German-Polish Relations and the European Integration.
The aim of this thesis is to analyze the questions as follows:
1. Had the development of German-Polish relations since 1998 achieved any contributions to the enlargement and deepening of the European Union? 2. Is the EU east enlargement consistent with the national interests of Germany and Poland? 3. Did the development of German-Polish relations since 1998 change the balance of power in EU and cause the “Core Europe’’ shift to the east?
The purpose of the theses above is to clarify the role of the German-Polish relations in the European Integration.
This thesis maintains that Neo-Realism will still dominate the development of Germen-Polish relations in the future. On the other hand, the stance and attitude of their foreign policies will be more deeply affected by domestic priority politics.