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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/30908

    Title: 德國幼兒早期照顧暨教育政策與改革-以福利國家觀點探討
    Other Titles: Early childhood care and education policy and reform in the federal republic of Germany - in the view of welfare state
    Authors: 孫名慧;Sun, Ming-hui
    Contributors: 淡江大學歐洲研究所碩士班
    趙美盈;Chao, Mei-ying
    Keywords: 幼兒照顧;學前教育;育兒津貼;家庭式照顧;日間照顧機構;Early childhood care;Early childhood education;Family/Children allowance;Family day care;day care centers
    Date: 2008
    Issue Date: 2010-01-11 00:03:31 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 女性自主意識逐漸抬頭,教育水準提升,越來越多的女性進人職場,私領域的兒童照顧與教育問題無法再由父母單獨承擔,必須仰賴國家及市場所提供的相關政策與福利,才能平衡工作與家庭生活。因此,許多國家意識到健全的幼兒早期照顧暨教育政策之重要性,包括德國。然而,德國的保守組合主義(conservative corporatist)福利國家模式,卻限縮政策的發展。



    Today, more and more women joint labour market. Family can not bear the responsibility of early childhood care and education by their own. It is no longer the private affairs, instead of family, government play an important role of this area. Government sould help parents a better work-family balance, especially the early childhood care and education policy. Nevertheless, because of the conservative corporatist welfare model, the early childhood care and education policy in german is limited.

    The level of defamilialization of conservative corporatist welfare state is low. German is widely recognized as a strong male breadwinner/female carer model, government offers various family and children allowances, in order to preserve functions of family. However, the early childhood care and education policy in german is lack of child day care centers, especially the children under the age of three.

    Recently, German faces social and demographical change. Not only the labour force participation rates of women in German continue to increase, the birth rates is even lower than EU’s average. Besides, German is one of the member of EU and OECD, and both two organizations propose some targets or advises for early childhood care and education. Because of those inside and outside causes, German has to reform this policy area. The main points of German’s reform include the reconciliation of children and family allowances, for example Elterngeld. On the other hand, the federal government establishes Day-Care Expansion Act(TAG) to support expansion of child day-care institutions and development of the quality of child day-care in institutions for all children under the age of three.

    The conclusion of the study is, although German’s early childhood care and education policy still keep the conservative corporatist character, it regards family as the most important carer for children. However, due to the inside and outside influences and challenges, German begin to take account of the care outside family. Day care institutions replace family’s care and education gradually.
    Appears in Collections:[歐洲研究所] 學位論文

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