Since 1960s terrorist activities have existed in Germany, such as the RAF (Red Army Faction). The German government has been fighting against these domestic threats, and thus set up a lot of counter-terrorism polices, laws and regulations. However, America was attacked on September 11, 2001. In the aftermath of the attack, most countries started to enhance the related policies and acts in order to fight the threats of terrorism. As for Germany, the government initiated the “first and second counter-terrorism package”. Besides, Germany keeps cooperating with other countries and international organizations to combat terrorism.
This thesis focuses on the counter-terrorism policy that was amended by the German government after the 9/11 attack. The “realism” is used as the research approach to analyze and evaluate. The thesis has 7 chapters, and the structure is divided into 3 main parts as follows: first, it talks about the history of the terrorism’s development in Germany and the counter-terrorism policies and laws before the 9/11 attack. Second, it focuses on the period after the 9/11 event, and what policy’s goals, principles and other related legislations the German government has amended and made. Besides, it discusses the internal and external elements, which affect the policy-making of Germany counter-terrorism. And it introduces the institutes, which in charge of counter-terrorism and its related measures, includes other cooperation at bilateral, regional and global level. At the end of the thesis, it analyses the counter-terrorism measures of German government and estimates the developments in the future.
This thesis concludes that the German government advocates fighting the terrorism with the soft power, like culture exchange or counter-terrorism intelligence collection to prevent terror attacks. That is a long term measure to deal with the threats of terrorism. And our government can learn from Germany’s counter-terrorism policy that even non-hard power or non-military process are also good ways to cooperate with other counties against terrorism, and that will help promote our government’s image and reputation.