|摘要: ||歐洲統合運動至今已有超過半個世紀的歷史，這一路走來，歐洲在許多方面都已經達到過去人類所未曾達到的境界。就政治與經濟的面向而言,無論是廣度還是深度，是一直朝著單一和統一的方向走，而且是愈走愈穩,愈走愈快。 |
It has been over fifty years since European countries started their development of cooperation and integration. In many aspects, Europe has reached a level that human beings had never thought of. The process of this development is getting more stable and faster. In the future, the emergence of European constitution and military won’t even surprise us.
Many say the achievement is owing to the lesson that the European people learned from the two world wars. After two world wars, the European people had seen the destruction of their home land, felt the bitterness of the loss of their family, and wondered what kind of future would lie ahead of them. Therefore, many projects aiming for maintaining the stability of the area had been proposed, especially Schuman Declaration, which has been regarded as the first step forward the cooperation and integration of Europe. However, I can’t help myself wondering if there weren’t any proposals before Schuman Declaration, which was the time the Europe was still fighting the wars. I believe there were. Had there been no proposals or ideas for the post-war reconstruction of Europe during the period of time, there would not have been so many projects and ideas after the wars. During the time, nationalism played an important role in Europe. Also, Europe started to rethink its position in the world stage, especially in the face of the challenge from the United States. Most importantly, Europe needed to find out the meaning of what Europe really was. This is what I try to find out and answer in this thesis.