The growth of humanity and its race for economic development bring out the question of a more efficient allocation of limited resources. With the time, political, economical, scientifical, technological or social development has pushed to cross over the boundaries of domestic or neighborhood markets. Therefore, considering to globalization and regionalization and it’s developmental
trend bring new situations and consequences, these effects being possibly positive or negative. Since then international issues cannot anymore be discarded.
Over all the world, governments had developed closer cooperation and maintain healthy competition through multilateral, bilateral and inter-regional exchanges, integrated most of the time in international organizations, for example, the World Trade Organization (WTO), the International Monetary Fund (IMF), World Bank and Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
(OECD). Then in the recent years, Regionalization has become the new trend of the international trade, Europe do not except. Thus in this thesis, “cooperation and new form of trade and development” are depicted throughout the full text, and this study focus on EU’s regional trade agreements’ (RTAs) development and their effect on the world economy and trade. At the same time are also analyzed unilateral preferential measures between the EU, African, Caribbean and Pacific Countries (ACP countries).
Besides mentioning the connections between the EU and the Overseas Countries and Territories (OCTs) in the Roma Treaty, EU has also signed three main agreements in the last 50 years between the EU and ACP countries. From “ Yaoundé Convention”, “Lomé Convention” to the present “ Cotonou Agreement” and “Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) ”. Their Common principles and objectives are to reduce poverty in ACP countries, promote the integration of regional economy and ensure sustainable development of the bilateral relations. These agreements help to set up the trade policies and create a European Development Fund (EDF) and guaranty the market stability under the bilateral trade situations. Tentative approach to the view of Institutional
Economics, trade trends, and bilateral interaction shows from the hypotactic relations, an stable economy and trade partnership evidence.
Developing countries status is evolving and will tend to become totally developed, economically speaking. Nations, markets and industries are more and more able to promote, create and observe a raise of their national competitive advantage and industry technological advantages, in this
study the path of their progress and institutional targets; the establishment of infrastructures and the flexibility of foreign capital (Foreign Direct Investment, FDI) are detailed. The future world trading system and present Doha round perspectives will give purpose to analysis of freer trade facing to economical cooperation considerations.