ASEM, initiated from the Bankok summit meeting in 1996, however the cooperation between EU and ASEAN can be traced to 1970，and at that time, their cooperation was only limited in the trade level. While the Singapore minister initiated the opening of ASEM, result from the rise of China, the economic recover of South Korea, and the leading position of technology of Japan in the Asian Area, ASEAN is closely related to North-east Asia, especially with the impact of the rise of China, the cooperation between EU and ASEAN is also limited from the mutual cooperation between EU and North-east nations.
This thesis is from the viewpoint of neo-liberal institutionalism for analyzing the cooperation and action between the EU and ASEAN. The school of neo-liberal institutionalism, argued that between nations, it’s necessary continuing to communicate with each other for the accumulation of interchanging information, further to understand more deeply the needs and thinking, for making the policy and the decision meet the case.
ASEM has been 10 years, recently it is initiating that if it’s necessary to advance the informal meeting to be institutionalized, the mutual cooperation will perhaps be surmounted to institutionalization in the future ten years. For avoiding the cost waste, making ASEM institutionalized can economize the cost and can make the issues more Forceful to constraint.-
In the processes of the action and cooperation between EU and ASEAN under the structure of ASEM, there exist differences of social structure and culture, which lead to the mutual conscience of divergence on the issues, for example, the divergence of human right and the development of democracy. ASEM issues not only issued in economic and trade, but also in politics, social development and culture. Hence the cooperation between EU and ASEAN also surmount to politic level from the initial level of trade and economic. And also with the factor of the leading position of USA, ASEAN would like to take advantage of the cooperation with EU to free himself from it, and in the stand of EU, can be repair the long Eurasian “missing link”.