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|Other Titles: ||Wage bargaining under Spanish socialist government (1982-1996)|
|Authors: ||丁秋仁;Ding, Chiou-ren|
|Keywords: ||西班牙;組合主義;薪資協議;社工黨;全國總工會;Spain;Corporatism;Wage Bargaining;PSOE;UGT|
|Issue Date: ||2010-01-11 00:01:51 (UTC+8)|
|Abstract: ||社會協定與協約已構成西班牙後佛朗哥時期民主決策過程中的一部分。其中工會依據所得政策節制勞工的薪資要求，有效控制通貨膨脹、提高公司獲利，並且成功創造就業機會。因此，社會協約向來受到社會民主黨政府的愛戴，以及工會及雇主的支持。不過西班牙的協約進程卻在「西班牙社會主義勞工黨」（Partido Socialista Obrero Español, PSOE）執政期間終止，政府甚至決定以緊縮經濟政策取代所得政策來節制勞工薪資。1988年12月，西班牙國內兩大工會聯合號召第二共和（1931-1936）以來規模最大的全國總罷工，此次罷工不但象徵著社會主義工會與政黨的關係決裂，亦代表往後的協約進程將更加艱難。|
Social pacts and concertation have become established as part and parcel of the post-Franco policy process in Spain. While unions cooperate to moderate wage demands in accord with income policy, based on the agreements among unions, employers and at times the government, it would contribute to keep inflation low, increase profitability and thus create jobs. In this regard, social democratic governments have traditionally been more open to the participation of unions and employers in collective bargaining and macroeconomic policy making.
The concertation, however, collapsed during the government of Partido Socialista Obrero Español (PSOE). By December 1988, the two major unions in Spain called an ever most unprecedented general strike since the Second Republic to oppose some of government’s unilateral programmes. The significance of this strike meant not only the break-up of the socialist party-union relations in Spain, but also the difficulties to be emerged from the path to a successful concertation.
This study focus on the impacts of the strategic interaction among tripartite, particularly the subsidiary role played by socialist union to government, on the concertation process. Given the institutional immaturity of Spanish concertation itself, the unchallengeable and decisive power on PSOE government’s hands is another major cause to the collapse of policy process. Even where pacts had been concluded, these were not on the basis of institutional and legislative arrangements. Although the social bargaining during the government of PSOE had something to do with the legacy of the statist corporatism, the efforts of political learning of social actors tend not end concertation process at which it has been. As a formal member in European Monetary Union (EMU), there is an exact need for Spanish government to moderate wage demand through social concertation; meanwhile, it is also necessary for unions and employer associations to develop collective goods in the same way, so as to enhance competitiveness of domestic firms, and to defend labours’ rights and interests on the labour market.
|Appears in Collections:||[歐洲研究所] 學位論文|
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