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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/30869

    Title: 立陶宛與波蘭總統憲政職權比較研究
    Other Titles: Compare the constitutional power of the president with Lithuania and Poland
    Authors: 王暘鑫;Wang, Henry
    Contributors: 淡江大學歐洲研究所碩士班
    林立;Lin, Li
    Keywords: 立陶宛;波蘭;東歐;半總統制;總統;president;semi-presidentialism;Lithuania;Poland;East Europe;Central Europe
    Date: 2005
    Issue Date: 2010-01-11 00:01:49 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 總統是為國家元首,但是在不同憲政制度下的總統,其職權就有著極大的不同。在總統制與內閣制中,總統所擁有的職權較為明確,但半總統制下的總統,由於並未有明確的典範來參考,因而在與國會及總理之間的互動上,不斷出現權力的角力,在衝突中尋求相互妥協之道,並磨合出屬於該國的特色。
    Lithuania and Poland share almost the same historical experiences. The two countries were originally united, but now separated in differ in their constitutions. The constitutional power of the president in Lithuania is close to presidentialism, but Poland is close to parlimentialism. Despite the differences, in political science, both are categorized as semi-presidentialism.

    After a decade of democratization, these countries are now highly developed. Both joined the EU in 2004, thus it will be difficult to revert to monocracy. However, in recent years, the presidents for these two countries are developing more power than ever. So it will be quite interesting to research how the presidents can respond to their respective constitutions and to find out what kind of power should the presidents have in the semi-presidentialism regime.

    There are six chapters in this thesis. The first chapter will first outline why and how I conducted this research, and a brief introduction about semi-presidentialism. The second chapter will highlight the two countries today, followed with an introduction regarding the history of the two countries. The third chapter will compare the presidents'' monopoly powers. The fourth chapter will compare the powers of the president and the cabinet. The fifth chapter will compare the powers of the president and the national assembly. Finally, the last chapter is to make a conclusion about this thesis and try to find out how would the semi-presidentialism look like.
    Appears in Collections:[歐洲研究所] 學位論文

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