本論文分成四大部分： 一、民族主義與族群衝突理論的研究與探討； 二、歷史因素。就前南斯拉夫聯邦的歷史背景與演進作深入的研究探討，以求瞭解南斯拉夫複雜的民族問題之根源； 三、內部因素。探討前南斯拉夫聯邦時期的內政制度、經濟政策、民族政策與族群問題； 四、外部因素。探討國際環境與外國干預的因素如何催化前南斯拉夫內戰的爆發與延續。 The ethnic conflict had replaced ideology competition and become the source of domestic and international disputes in the aftermath of cold war. Tragedies resulting from numerous protests, riots, separatism, terrorism and ethnic armored conflict had continuously happened and been getting more and more intensive.
The reasons of disintegration of the former Yugoslavia Federation and its civil war are complexity. Some are historical and some are realistic reasons; others are involved with domestic and international factors. The disintegration of the former Yugoslavia Federation can be taken as a significant example that illustrates the nationalism and ethnic conflict research.
In terms of theories of nationalism and ethnic conflict, the thesis aims to analysis the history, internal and external factors that caused the separation, conflict, civil war and even disintegration of the former Yugoslavia Federation.
Four parts of the thesis: (1) Research on theories of nationalism and ethnic conflict. (2) Historical reasons. Analysis of roots caused the complexity of Yugoslav national issues. (3) Internal Factors. Domestic political system, economic policy, national policy and ethnic issues. (4) External Factors. How international environment and foreign interference catalyzed the civil war of the former Yugoslavia Federation.