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    题名: 歐洲聯盟會員國對科索沃獨立之不同立場比較 : 以德國與西班牙為例
    其它题名: A comparison of different positions of member states of European Union on Kosovo's independence : the case of Germany and Spain
    作者: 許明憲;Hsu, Ming-hsien
    贡献者: 淡江大學歐洲研究所碩士班
    陳雅鴻;Chen, Ya-hong
    关键词: 科索沃;分離主義;民族自決;國家承認;Kosovo;separatism;Self-determination;Recognition
    日期: 2009
    上传时间: 2010-01-11 00:01:12 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 2008年2月17日,科索沃由其議會片面宣佈自塞爾維亞分離並且獨立建國乃一史無前例之舉,而其所持之法理基礎則在於該地居民擁有行使民族自決的權力。然而,國際社會迄今仍無法發展出一套可被共同接受的法律規則或政治原則來處理關於維護國家主權與領土完整以及民族自決要求分離獨立之間的相互角力。是故,科索沃此一舉措是否具有正當性與合法性,以及其將會是一個絕無僅有的特例或是成為其他分離主義者所仿效的一個先例則是國際爭辯所在。
    本文研究目的即在於希望能以2008年科索沃片面宣佈獨立為中心點,首先,向前追朔其緣由,並深入探討分離主義與民族自決之緣起、概念、國際實踐與兩者之間的相互關連;其次,向後檢視自科索沃宣佈獨立後所引發的法律爭議,並針對同為歐洲聯盟會員國的德國與西班牙為何形成一正一反之外交政策背後的國內因素進行分析。最後,在結論部份,除了探討科索沃宣佈獨立後對世局的影響之外,筆者也希望能藉由科索沃之例提供讀者對當前國際社會對於分離主義、民族自決與新國家承認問題之整體思惟。
    February 17, 2008, the Parliament of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence from Serbia. This unprecedented move was claimed to be legitimate based on the right of self-determination that people of Kosovo were entitled to. However, international community has not yet developed a commonly accepted legal or political principle to resolve the tussle between sustaining sovereignty and territorial integrity and claiming independence through self-determination. Hence, Kosovo''s declaration of independence has provoked worldwide debate on its legality and legitimacy, and on whether this move is a unique case or a precedent for other separatists.
    The study is centered on the unilateral declaration of independence by Kosovo in 2008. First, we probe into the cause and history of Kosovo''s declaration of independence. Furthermore, the history, concept, international practice, and interrelation of separatism and self-determination are examined. Secondly, we address the legal controversy triggered by Kosovo''s declaration of independence. By comparing domestic factors of Germany and Spain, both of whom are EU member states, we investigate the reason that leads them to form opposite foreign policies for Kosovo''s independence. Lastly, the conclusion looks into the influence of Kosovo''s declaration of independence. Via Kosovo''s case, we intend to provide an international comprehensive perspective in separatism, self-determination and recognition of a new state.
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