Since the establishment of diplomatic relations in 1964, France-China relations have developed steadily, because of not only the wide economy of China but also they shared a similar willingness to free their respective nations from the constraints of the bipolar world imposed by the cold war context. But in 1989, France’s proactive attitude to the Tiananmen massacre and then French arm sales to Taiwan in the 1990s put an end to the developing relations between both countries.
However, the return to power of the Neo-Gaullist Party in 1993, the France-China’s communication in 1994, all favored an Unprecedented rapprochement between both countries. In 1995 Jacques Chirac’s election put their relations back on the track and confirmed France’s intention to develop a close partnership with China. In 1997 France became the first democratic nation to push for abandoning attempts to condemn China in the Unites Nations Human Rights Commission, and second country to establish 「Global Partnership」with China in the same year. Since then, Paris and Beijing have not only shared identical or similar stance on a larger number of questions, including the highly sensitive Taiwan issue, but also started further economic, military and cultural cooperations. Chirac contributes to develop EU-China relations, in particular France-China relations, as strategic partnership or even as an axis affecting whole international order, and creating a new strategic triangle between USA, EU and China.
However, nations inevitably encounter potential frictions, or conflicts, while pursuing national interests. There are absolutely numbers of problems on diplomacy, trade balance, Taiwan issue and etc. This article aims to demonstrate how France, in Chirac’s china policy, cooperates with PRC, what difficulties they encounter, and the efforts of France-China relations during the presidency of Chirac.