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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/30850

    Title: A debate on biofuel in the European union : energy sustainability scheme
    Other Titles: 歐盟生質燃料的發展 : 能源永續性之探討與評估
    Authors: 陳怡欣;Chen, Yi-sin
    Contributors: 淡江大學歐洲研究所碩士班
    苑倚曼;Yuan, Yi-mond
    Keywords: 歐盟;再生能源;生質燃料;生質酒精;生質柴油;石油危機;糧食危機;biomass;Biofuel;bio-energy;bio-refinery;EU;Europeanization;Biofuel Directive;renewable energy;oil crisis;food crisis;sustainable development
    Date: 2009
    Issue Date: 2010-01-11 00:00:56 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本論文旨在探討近年來爭議聲浪高漲的液態生質燃料,聚焦該替代能源於歐盟地區的發展與政策研究。促使歐盟發展生質燃料的外部因素,主要為七零、八零年代的石油危機,京都議定書象徵的國際間減少碳排放量趨勢,以及讓歐盟越來越感到急迫的能源自主(以避免繼續被俄國以天然氣供應與否要脅)。
    (一) 歐體於2003年頒布的生質燃料指令,是否促使各會員國的生質燃料使用比率趨同?
    (二) 綜觀歐盟所需的進口或自產生質燃料之料源、會員國之再生能源法規與環境稅、各
    (一) 生質燃料的推動與發展需經過審慎的環境評估;
    (二) 朝向永續性的能源生產與消費模式,除了政府與企業有責任外,民眾(消費者)的
    (三) 相較於歐洲土地幅員廣大,台灣地小人稠,應朝向海洋資源的永續利用,投入研發藻類生質燃料以及其他第二代、第三代生質燃料。
    As the climate change issue under spotlight, governments and officials all over the world are looking for solution by inter-governmental conference and agreement as Kyoto Protocol. On the other hand, under the shadow of the oil crisis in the 70’s and 80’s, many western industry countries have begun to develop and invest in renewable energy; for European Union, renewable energy is not just to combat with climate change, but also a key for regional energy security.

    Among the renewables, biofuel gains a lot of critique and attention these year mostly because of food crisis. This thesis aims at evaluating and analyzing the biofuel development in the EU through two perspectives of debate:
    1. Whether there will be “Europeanization” between EU Member States? And whether the target of Biofuel Directive is realistic and effective in the promotion of biofuel?
    2. The positive and negative side of first generation biofuel development—points of view from both the pro-biofuel camps and the anti-biofuel camps.

    This thesis will survey the debate based on the biofuel feedstock, EU-level and national level policy, consequence of the first generation biofuel, and biofuel R&D and technology in the near future. To achieve the ultimate goal—energy sustainability—the critique will infuse environmental concern to form the debate; namely, thorough environmental impact assessment must be done before launching biofuel promotion, and it is not just the government and business have to pay attention to sustainable development, individuals are also responsible for their consumer behavior.
    Appears in Collections:[歐洲研究所] 學位論文

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