General education in Finland has been spotlighted and educational experts have adverted to it all over the world. It is because Finland has fared well in international comparisons in education, such as the OECD PISA programme, which assesses learning outcomes among 15-year-old students in mathematics, science, reading literacy and problem-solving. Finnish students figured at the top all the lists in key subjects, and differences between students, schools and regional were comparatively very small. Due to the extraordinary success in education and the direct improvement to domestic labour-force quality, Finland performs well in other international comparisons. For example, EPI (Environmental Performance Index) launched by Yale University, the Global Competitiveness Report 2008 launched by the World Economic Forum, the Global Corruption Report 07-08 launched by the Transparency International and so on. These lead to the fact that the term “knowledge” plays an active and important role in Finland nowadays. Every country leader comes to realize the significance of knowledge, and to increase investment in R & D and incubate citizens with academic knowledge is to become the most immediate way to build up a knowledge-based economy and information society. Therefore, the competitiveness of the country strengthens. With the truth of Finland a valuable study case, the thesis tries to evaluate the outcomes of general education in Finland and figures out what policies it adopts makes Finland one of the few countries that not only well have fared in international comparisons, but also the achiever in the competition of educational reform since seventies.