本論文主要以依賴理論作為分析途徑，來檢視歐盟對墨西哥發展貿易與投資行為時對墨西哥可能造成的影響與衝擊，以及是否產生依賴關係的存在。結果顯示歐盟對墨西哥不管在政治上或是經濟上，雖具有正面的促進作用，但也相對產生負面的不良影響，而這是由於雙方長久以來的結構性障礙以及不平等發展所造成的，使墨西哥落入依賴的情境之中。然而藉由與歐盟的發展，確實也有助於墨西哥平衡對美國的過度依賴，而且並未真正造成墨西哥發展遲滯，也有帶動墨西哥發展的可能性，更傾向於依賴發展論者所言的「結合依賴之發展」。 Based on geopolitical and historical consideration, the EU’s external relation development presents a hierarchical characteristic. The LA countries have never been the main targets for the EU. However, since 1990s, because of the transition in global, regional and national conditions, EU begins to strengthen the political and economic relationship with LA. Among them, Mexico is the second nation power and is the only one country that has built the connection with the three economic blocs. The main purpose for the EU stepping up the investment and trade with Mexico lies in making itself in the favorable position in the competition with USA.
Therefore, European Union begins to negotiate the free trade agreement with Mexico, and signed “EU-Mexico Free Trade Agreement” in 2000. It is the first free trade agreement between EU and the LA countries. It not only opened the important channel for the European products, but also set a precedent for the future development of EU and LA countries. To strengthen the connection and development with Mexico could be one of the EU’s new strategies to LA policy and have quite importance.
This study uses the method of “Dependency Theory” to inspect the possibly influences and impacts between EU and Mexico, as well as whether bring out the “dependent relationship”. And the outcome shows that no matter in politics or in economy, there are positive influences as well as negative effects. This is caused by the structural obstacle and inequality development. And then make Mexico fall into the dependence situation. However, with the development with European Union, it is really helpful for Mexico to balance the over-dependence to USA. Moreover, it doesn’t cause the development sluggish and there is possibility to promote the advancement in Mexico. Consequently, it is more inclined to “associated dependent development” as the dependency development theory.