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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/30825

    Title: 服務業在新加坡競爭力所扮演的角色之探討
    Other Titles: A study of the role of services in Singapore's competitiveness
    Authors: 翁海清;Weng, Hai-ching
    Contributors: 淡江大學東南亞研究所碩士班
    林欽明;Lin, Chin-ming
    Keywords: 新加坡;服務業;競爭力;創新系統;知識型服務業;資訊技術;Singapore;services;Competitiveness;innovation system;KIBS;Information Technology
    Date: 2008
    Issue Date: 2010-01-10 23:59:45 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 在增值活動中,一個國家穩定且創新的生產要素可產生的收益,反映了這個國家的優勢與比較利益。研究也顯示知識密集服務確實有助於提升製造業成長,另外也加強了客戶的革新能量並且刺激原本擁有的創新,故政策支持知識密集服務業的發展是非常值得去嘗試的。產業群聚是一個國家競爭優勢的主要來源之一,由於服務業的獨特性質,使得服務業的產業群聚大多發生在都市中。新加坡是一個城市型的國家,它極適合發展服務業,也使得其革新系統能夠快速有效的散佈,廠商可以快速獲得新的知識和技術,並透過制度的革新使得知識重新組合與散佈,進而造成良性的循環。
    In production activities, the revenues out of steady and innovative factors of production reflect a country’s competitive and comparative advantages. Studies have shown that knowledge-intensive services can stimulate manufacturing growth. They can also enhance customers’ renovating capabilities and therefore the ability to innovate continuously. Hence, government should implement policies supporting the development of such services. Industrial clustering is the main source of a country’s competitive advantage. Furthermore, the clustering of services, with their particular characteristics, is occurring mostly in the cities, whereas Singapore, as a typical city state, is very suitable to develop such service clusterings. Knowledge and technologies can be disseminated rapidly and effectively to firms which are then reformulated and further disseminated as a virtuous cycle.
    A country’s competitive advantage is implicit in its industrial structures in which various industries have their own specific environmental needs. The study tried at first to identify the key industry of a country and then to explore how service inputs can help the development of such industry and enhance the competitive advantage of the whole economy. Several studies have shown that electronics industry is heavily dependent on air freight services which in turn also affect supply-chain strategies of firms. Therefore, this study focuses on Singapore’s aircraft shipping services which are used as intermediate inputs in electronics, the leading sector in Singapore, and are deemed to enhance Singapore’s competitive advantages.
    On the other hand, Singapore’s information exchange platform has connected high tech manufacturings and knowledge-based services. This platform has also effectively lowered the communicating cost as well as integrated information from various industries. It has been shown that manufacturing and services, as Singapore’s dual strategic engines for economic growth, are reinforcing each other and, through information technologies, lead to great success in Singapore’s competitiveness.
    The study also found the clustering of services, at the outskirt of high tech manufacturing industries which are interconnected through information and communication technologies with the former, has accelerated the rapid flow of knowledges among firms and perpetuated the innovation system which resulted in great spill-over effects. It is concluded that services have played a crucial role in reinforcing competitive advantage of high tech manufacturings in Singapore, even though they may not be highly competitive by themslves.
    Appears in Collections:[東南亞研究所] 學位論文

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