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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/30817

    Title: 李光耀民主社會主義的形成與消失
    Other Titles: Development and disappearance of Lee Kuan Yew's democratic socialism
    Authors: 李偉欽;Lee, Wei-chin
    Contributors: 淡江大學東南亞研究所碩士班
    林若雩;Lin, Juo-yu
    Keywords: 李光耀;民主社會主義;民主;社會主義國際;Lee Kuan Yew;Democratic Socialism;Democracy;Socialist International
    Date: 2005
    Issue Date: 2010-01-10 23:59:20 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 第二次世界大戰後,東歐紛紛出現一些社會主義國家,社會主義成為世界上一種新思潮,吸引著千千萬萬的群眾,特別是知識青年。李光耀覺得社會主義是一種先進的,合乎時代潮流的制度,按照社會主義的原則,可以建設一個完美的、理想的社會。他自認為「民主社會主義者」。當時,他們的憧憬就是力爭馬來西亞盡快從英國殖民統治下解放出來,然後建設成一個「自由、獨立、民主、富強的社會主義國家」。一九六五年新加坡正式建國後,在李光耀的領導下,採取了亞洲式的民主社會主義的統治模式,雖然其於經濟上的表現世人有目共睹、值得肯定,但是在政治民主化、反對黨成長、人權的保障等方面,卻為西方民主國家所批評。

    After the Second World War, socialist countries appeared one after another in East Europe. Socialism had been a new thinking in the world. Socialism attracted numerous people, especially the young people. Lee Kuan Yew thought that socialism is an advanced system and it fitted in with the current of the times, too. According to the principles of socialism, Lee Kuan Yew could construct a perfect and a ideal society in Singapore. Lee Kuan Yew thought of himself as a democratic socialist. At that time, Lee Kuan Yew looked forward to doing all one can liberate Malaysia from the rule of Britain and then he could build a free, independent, democratic, rich and powerful country. In 1965, Singapore was formally established. Lee Kuan Yew adopted the governance of democratic socialism of Asia. Economically, it performed well, but it performed failure in politics.

    In this thesis, the author will adopt documental analytical method and field study method. In Lee Kuan Yew’s democratic socialism, the author proposed the different fields among the political, social and economic levels. The author will survey the three level viewpoints and use them to recognize if Lee Kuan Yew’s democratic socialism is in common with the democratic socialism in the West or not. Besides, the author will use the 〝democracy〞definition of Austin Ranny to analyze whether the Lee Kuan Yew’s democratic socialism disappeared or not. The key findings of the research, after holding the reins of government, the actions of Lee Kuan Yew did not conform to the political equality and popular consultation. For this reason, Singapore had been expelled from Socialist International in 1976. And finally, Lee Kuan Yew’s democratic socialism was formally declared its disappearance.
    Appears in Collections:[東南亞研究所] 學位論文

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