|其他題名: ||The research of higher education system in vietnam|
|作者: ||黃郁容;Huang, Yi-rong|
|關鍵詞: ||越南;高等教育;Vietnam;Higher education|
|上傳時間: ||2010-01-10 23:59:13 (UTC+8)|
A country can effectively improve its whole economic productivity if it is devoted to higher educational development, because higher education is the most direct channel that influences the knowledge output. And just because of this, various countries attach great importance to the development of higher education, hoping with development in higher education then improve the national knowledge level. By global market demand view, those countries in South East Asia possess quite plentiful economic development strength, and no matter in economy, politics or geographical reason, etc., the tight relation with Taiwan is simple in various countries of South East Asia. However, research of domestic higher education in the past mostly overweight such advanced countries as America and Europe and Japan, it is less likely to study the high educational development in developing countries. But in recent years, because the economic importance has appeared and fixed one''s eyes on by the whole world gradually in the country in South East Asia, our government to propose the “South to” policy, and even more, Taiwanese trader actively investment in Vietnam already leap to the first place, under situation that bilateral trading is increasingly important, how to help the Taiwanese trader to obtain the necessary talents within the territory of Vietnam, for a more localized development, it is even more important for the research of Vietnam''s high educational development.
This research aims at finding out about gradual progress and development of Vietnam''s higher education system, research purpose include: (1) Find out about the development background of Vietnamese higher education; (2) Probe into the current situation of Vietnam''s ordinary higher education; (3) Probe into the current situation of Vietnam''s higher normal education system; (4) Probe into the problem and challenge faced in Vietnamese higher education. As Vietnamese civil war being constant, bring up the diversification of education, this research will do a
summary review in the historical development of Vietnamese higher education: how is Vietnam in the influence of such countries as China, France, Soviet Union, U.S.A., etc., to develop its own high education system under the circumstances that different culture and history interlock. Finally, probe into the problem and challenge faced in Vietnamese higher education through the analysis in comparing the current general education and normal education separately.
This research adopts the analysis of documents and interview, the main result of study found that Vietnamese education history can roughly divide into four stages: '' feudalism period '', '' colonial of France period '', '' Vietnam War period'' and '' united period ''. In feudalism period, mostly transplant the structure of education of China, pay attention to political consciousness. French colonial period regards education as a kind of governance tool; it is unwilling to develop higher education. When the Vietnam War happens, it was influenced deeper by the Soviet in the north, so pay attention to the specialty and branch education; influenced deeper by U.S.A. in the south, adopt the American educational system, relatively pay attention to the theory and practice application. The Vietnam War was over, the whole country influenced by socialism first, pay attention to the specialty and branch education, but later because of the change of the domestic economic policy, Vietnam changed from planned economy to the free economy, its higher education begins to grow vigorously and begin to move towards market too. This research puts forward the suggestion studied and improving in the future according to the result of study.