English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  Items with full text/Total items : 49195/83607 (59%)
Visitors : 7093136      Online Users : 43
RC Version 7.0 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library & TKU Library IR team.
Scope Tips:
  • please add "double quotation mark" for query phrases to get precise results
  • please goto advance search for comprehansive author search
  • Adv. Search
    HomeLoginUploadHelpAboutAdminister Goto mobile version
    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/30802


    Title: 越南戰爭成敗的戰略研究 : 以孫子兵法觀點之研析(一九五八-一九七三)
    Other Titles: A strategic study on Vietnam war : an analysis from the view point of Sun Tzu's art of war (1958-1973)
    Authors: 黃兆馨;Huang, Chao-shin
    Contributors: 淡江大學東南亞研究所碩士班
    施正權;Shih, Cheng-chuan
    Keywords: 孫子兵法;越南戰爭;越共;戰略村計劃;東京灣事件;春節攻勢;尼克森文義;越戰越南化;The Art of War by Sun Tze;Vietnam War;Viet Cong;Strategic Hamlet Program;Event of Tonkin Gulf;Tet offensive;Nixonism;Vietnamization
    Date: 2009
    Issue Date: 2010-01-10 23:58:33 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 「越南戰爭」不僅是冷戰時期的一次歷史性戰爭,也是美國自參與國際戰事以來,打得最久也是最為慘烈的戰爭。正因為如此,越戰至今仍深具戰略研究價值。另外,因為伊戰的停滯不前,許多美國軍事專家企圖從越戰的文獻中尋找解決伊戰的方法,再使越戰受到關注。
    冷戰時期,美國擔心圍堵防線出現缺口,因而援助南越共同抵抗北越共黨的侵略。然而,美國自派遣軍事顧問團(Military Assistance Advisory Group,MAAG)進駐南越迄至美軍撤退結束止,前後加起來約莫二十年之久,美國坐擁陸海空的優勢軍力卻不敵這個窮國寡民的北越。針對越戰的研究,國內較缺乏以戰略理論為研究架構的論述。有鑑於此,本論文試圖運用孫子兵法「知戰」、「慎戰」及「善戰」的觀點,分析越南戰爭成敗之因素。
    孫子兵法雖然是二千五百年前的產物,就其學術價值而論,迄今舉世各國,尚無任何一部兵學著作能出其右,在於孫子兵法具有永恆的價值;越戰後,美國曾以孫子兵法來檢視其失敗之原因,進而以孫子兵法之用兵原則來指導波灣戰爭,並且獲得勝利。顯示出無論戰爭型態如何演變,均不能脫離孫子兵法之規律外,亦不因時間的久遠而喪失其意義。
    本論文以為藉由孫子兵法分析越南戰事,並非突顯北越共產黨的驍勇善戰,而是以客觀的立場深入探討並分析在越戰中,北越何以獲得戰爭的最後勝利是為本論文的研究動機。此外,藉由越南戰爭印證「優勢兵力」絕非戰爭勝敗的主要關鍵,而獲取戰爭勝利在於決策者是否明白「運籌帷幄」的道理。孫子說:「知己知彼,百戰不殆」即為此意。
    本論文之研究架構概分為四章,各章內容概要如下:
    第一章:略述引發越南戰爭之背景(1954-1958)以及美國介入越戰的遠因。
    第二章:以孫子兵法的「知戰」觀點分析北越與美國的國家戰略構想,再分別探討艾森豪以及甘迺迪時期的美國國家安全戰略。
    第三章:以孫子兵法的「慎戰」觀點分析北越與美國的戰略思維。
    第四章:以孫子兵法的「善戰」觀點分析「春節攻勢」對越戰局勢的影響,並且探討尼克森政府同時運用武力與外交解決越戰問題,並且實行「越戰越南化」政策對達到美國撤軍之目的。
    “The Vietnam War” remains not only a historic war during the Cold War, but also the most prolonged and worst international war ever fought by American soldiers. It is for this reason that the Vietnam War bears a legacy worth engaging strategy studies even today. Also owing to recent war-fight dilemmas frequently occurring in Iraq, many American military experts have attempted to look for solutions from the Vietnam War documents to these dilemmas in Iraq. Thus, the Vietnam War once again is brought to our attention.

    During the Cold War, the United States, worrying that the containment line could occur a breach, went to South Vietnam’s rescue and assistance to jointly fight against North Vietnam’s Communist invasion. In the 20-year-war, beginning from the first day of stationing Us Military Assistance Advisory Group to the last day when the last American soldier stepped off the Vietnam soil, the Americans could not defeat North Vietnamese armies although the former was far more superior in military force. Since fewer writings or studies featuring the framework of strategy theory about the Vietnam War have been made within the country, this research thesis attempts to analyze the factors that caused the United States to lose the war via applying the viewpoints of “understand the battle,” “careful and well prepared at waging the battle,” and “waging the battle with skill” in Sun Tzu’s Art of War.

    Though created in some 2,500 years ago, Sun Tzu’s Art of War remains a classic military book of war-fight for commanders bearing a time-tested academic value, which no other military book of the same nature in the world can compare with. After the Vietnam War, the United States Military, using the use of force notions in Sun Tzu’s Art of War, conducted a review to find out what caused their failure, and further applied the notions learned from Sun Tzu’s Art of War to wage their battles in the Gulf War and won. This shows that no matter how the war evolves in form, the fundamental principles and rules of war-fight remain consistent to those disclosed in Sun Tzu’s Art of War. The implications carried in Sun Tzu’s Art of War shall never become void over time.
    Though this thesis applies the viewpoints of Sun Tzu’s Art of War to analyze the Vietnam War, the author has no intention to emphasize how well North Vietnamese Communists waged the battles. It’s merely an in-depth analysis under objective stance to explore how North Vietnamese Communists eventually won the war, which lies the research motive of this thesis. In addition, the Vietnam War proves the “the superior force” many not necessarily be the major winning factor to a battle or war. It’s how a military decision-maker recognizes the notion of “well calculating and recognizing the winning vs. losing factors of both sides, and making the best solution or decision at his command post.” This is the very essence of what Sun Tzu said “if you know both the enemy and yourself, you shall fight a hundred battles without danger of defeat.”

    This thesis comprises four chapters, briefly described as follows :

    Chapter 1: Briefly introduce the background(1954-1958)of what triggered the Vietnam War, and the underlying cause of the United States becoming involved in the war.

    Chapter 2:Analyze the national strategy concepts of North Vietnam and the United States through applying the viewpoint of “well aware of how to wage the battle” in Sun Tzu’s Art of War. And explore the United States National Security Strategy during the President Eisenhower Administration and the President Kennedy Administration.

    Chapter 3:Analyze the strategic thinkings of North Vietnam and the United States through applying the viewpoint of “careful and well prepared at waging the battle.”

    Chapter 4: Analyze the impact of “North Vietnamese Tet Offensive” on the outcome of Vietnam War through applying the viewpoint of “waging the battle with skill.” And explore President Nixon Administration’s dual use of military force and diplomacy in resolving the Vietnam War issue, and the facilitation of “Vietnamizing the Vietnam War” policy to attain the goal of total US force withdrawal.
    Appears in Collections:[東南亞研究所] 學位論文

    Files in This Item:

    File SizeFormat
    0KbUnknown288View/Open

    All items in 機構典藏 are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.


    DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library & TKU Library IR teams. Copyright ©   - Feedback