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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/30776

    Title: 幕末期における京都政局と朝幕関係-文久・元治期の孝明天皇と松平容保を中心に-
    Other Titles: 幕末時期京都政局與朝幕關係—以文久、元治時期的孝明天皇和松平容保為中心—
    Kyoto political situation and the relationship between the imperial court and edo shogunate at the bakumatsu- mainly emperor kōmei and matsudaira katamori of the bunkyū and genji era
    Authors: 黃琳雅;Huang, Lin-ya
    Contributors: 淡江大學日本研究所碩士班
    Keywords: 幕末;朝幕關係;孝明天皇;松平容保;京都政局;Bakumatsu;the relationship between the Imperial Court and Edo shogunate;Emperor- Kōmei;Matsudaira Katamori;Kyoto political situation;朝幕
    Date: 2008
    Issue Date: 2010-01-10 23:57:18 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 幕末時期,由於外患問題告急,使得幕府權威變得衰弱,朝廷權威因而逐漸上昇,取代了幕府的地位。同時在這個時期,天皇也開始積極地參與政治活動。以嘉永六年(1853年)六月三日的培里艦隊叩關為契機,朝廷展開了政治化運動,外樣大名也產生了自我主張,逐漸蛻變為雄藩。由於培里率領軍艦叩關,促使江戶時代以來的幕藩體制開始崩壞。孝明天皇就在這個內憂外患的時代,登上了幕末時期的歷史舞台。


    At the Bakumatsu, the authority of the Edo shogunate weakened gradually by foreign pressures. At this time, the authority of the Imperial Court rose , and Emperor Kōmei ''s political movement began. On June 3, 1853, the Imperial Court began to take part in politics. Tozama -daimyo also began to insist on their own will , and became stronger. After the Black ships came to Japan, the old system of the Edo shogunate began to disintegrate. This is when Emperor Kōmei appeared in the historical stage at the end of the Edo shogunate .
    The isolation of the past was broken down by the coming of commander Perry in his fleet of Black ships. The invasion of the foreign powers became a big threat to Emperor Kōmei and the Imperial Court in Kyoto. In 1862, the Edo shogunate created the post of Kyoto Shugoshoku (Kyoto Military Commissioner) to keep the peace in the city of Kyoto. Matsudaira Katamori was the 9th daimyo of the Aizu han and the Kyoto Shugoshoku during the Bakumatsu period. The appointment of Kyoto Shugoshoku made Katamori appeared in the center stage at the end of shogunate political situation, as the fate of the Aizu han and Katamori began sloping downward leading to a tragic fall.
    This thesis appoints Emperor Kōmei and Matsudaira Katamori who was the post of Kyoto Shugoshoku, and clarifies a complex Kyoto political situation of the Bunkyū and Genji era at the Bakumatsu. This thesis consider this as one aspect of the Bakumatsu’s history of the restoration in the relationship between the Imperial Court and Edo shogunate at the Bakumatsu. The time frame of interest is from 1862 to 1864 and the relationship between the Imperial Court and Edo shogunate at the Bakumatsu is examined. In Chapter 1, it introduces Emperor Kōmei and the historical background. In Chapter 2 of this thesis, it introduces a brief history of Matsudaira Katamori who was the daimyo of the Aizu han and the post of Kyoto Shugoshoku. Chapter 3 from Chapter 5 is the center of this thesis, that which describes the shift and the development of the political power in Kyoto.
    Appears in Collections:[日本研究所] 學位論文

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