The total fertility rate in Japan has been low since the phenomenon of declining birthrate has been a common recognition in 1990s. The total fertility rate in 2000 was 1.36 per woman (the average number of births per woman during her life). This rate is very different from the rate of 2.08, which can maintain today’s population. So the total population in Japan was the highest in 2006 and will be decline afterwards.
From another aspect, the amount of female workforce in recent years has been increasing year by year. According to the investigation of workforce released by the Statistics Bureau, Ministry of internal Affairs and Communications, it points out that the number of female employee is 22 million and 30 thousand, comparing to the previous year is increased by 26 thousand, and has been increasing continuously the recent two years. Besides, from the female employment consciousness of view, the proportion of the "continuous employment"(a woman who is continued employing after her child was born) is increasing continuously. So it is clear that the employment consciousness of the "continuous employment" is popularizing.
So the modern women’s employment consciousness is not limited by family state, and they are greedy for work.
In the condition that more and more woman has entered to the workplace, we can employ more female employees to solve the adequacy of young workforce. So the measures which can make our workplace to accord with increasing women’s employment consciousness are becoming more important.
Since the Equal Employment Opportunity Law applied in 1986, most female employees can choose to be the managerial career track. So they have more opportunities to bring their ability into full play, to acquire more responsible work, and can be the management class like the male employees.
However, since the Equal Employment Opportunity Law has applied for 20 years, the proportion of the career track of women is still very low. Therefore, this article will analyze the career track of women in workplace’s situations and problems, and try to find the challenge they will confront.