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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/30762

    Title: 技術進步對台灣和日本的經濟成長之影響
    Other Titles: The influence of technical progress on economic growth in Taiwan and Japan
    Authors: 廖珮吟;Liao, Pei-in
    Contributors: 淡江大學日本研究所碩士班
    任燿廷;Jen, Eau-tin
    Keywords: 經濟成長;總要素生產力;技術進步;迴歸分析;economic growth;total factor productivity;technology progress;regression analysis;経済成長;全要素生産性;技術進歩;回帰分析
    Date: 2007
    Issue Date: 2010-01-10 23:56:28 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 東亞經濟在第二次世界大戰之後,之所以能長期維持高度經濟成長的其中一個主要原因為總要素生產力的提升。然而,隨著全球化的進展,經濟影響力的無國界化,再加上各國經濟環境的變化,國際情勢的瞬息萬變使得各國的經濟成長內涵變得難以掌握。因此,首先,本研究以1990年代以後的台灣和日本的總體經濟為中心,以Solow的總要素生產力分析台日的經濟動向,並加以比較,深入探討總要素生產力的變動是否仍為影響兩國經濟成長的主要原因。其次,並將台灣和日本的總要素生產力進行分解,探究兩國總要素生產力的內涵。
    The increasing of total factor productivity (TFP) is one of the dominate factors that maintain a long-term high economic growth rate of East-Asia. However, because of accelerating globalization, boundary less economy, and dynamic economic environment of each country, it is hard to catch the essence of the economic growth of different countries. As a result, this research first examines the development of macroeconomic of Taiwan and Japan by the total factor productivity model provided by Solow. After conducting a deep comparison between these two countries, we may tell whether the TFP is the dominant factor of the economic growth. Finally, this research analyzes the TFP of both countries into details and examines the essence of TFP.
    According on the empirical finding, the growth rates of Taiwan and Japan after 1990s are smaller than those before 1990s. After examining the dominant factor of economic growth of both counties, we found that the capital investment has the most significant effect, while TFP has the second significant effect. However, after 2002, TFP again become the most significant variable. The TFP has a tendency to fluctuate with the economic growth rate of Taiwan and Japan, which is the common dominate factor of the stagnation. Additionally, the decreasing of labor productivity is another dominate factor of the economic depression of Japan in 1990s
    So, we applied a series of regression analysis to analyze all possible variables of TFP. According to the statistic result, we find the following facts. First, the TFP increased significantly under the condition of increasing ratio of R&D expanse to GDP, Second, two patent-related variables, number of patent held by Taiwanese enterprise and number of Japan to foreign patent, are proved to be insignificant positive variables to the TFP of Taiwan and Japan. Third, the result shows that the increasing population and increasing foreign direct investment have significant negative effect on TFP of Taiwan and Japan. Fourth, the technology trade balance have significant positive effect on TFP, which shows that as the technology export increases, the TFP of Japan will increase as well. Fifth, although the technology trade balance of Taiwan has insignificant effect, it seems that technology import may slightly increasing TFP of Taiwan. Sixth, the export figures have significant positive effect on TFP. Seventh, although the ratio of tariff duties to GDP has insignificant effect, it seems that tariff duties may benefit the increasing of TFP as the domestic market becomes more closed.
    Based on the empirical finding above, the following conclusions have been reached: under the trend of decreasing labor productivity, low birth rate and aging society, Japan should aim to improve the quality of labor, to leverage the labor force of aged people, and to increase labor productivity. In order to improve the TFP of Taiwan and Japan, it is curial to improve the quality of researcher and to make the best possible use of these researchers. Moreover, it is also indispensable to refine the investment environment and policy of foreign direct investment.
    Appears in Collections:[日本研究所] 學位論文

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