In Japan, a country that is known for minimum children and senior population, the two factors that make the country in lack of working population, is now turning to expect its female population participate in the labor market, a move that would see child raising as a major barrier. To deal with the issue, in April 1992, the country implemented Law for Leave on Child-raising. The Heisei 15 (2003) Female Management Basic Survey on the decade-old law shows a leave-on-child-raising rate of 73.1% among females that suggests a 9.1% growth compared to the result of the same survey made in Heisei 14. However, the Heisei 16 (2004) the Third Vertical Survey on Newly Born in 21st-Century indicates that only 35% of the mother hold a job and as many as 64.4% of the mothers do not. The survey reflects a still critical issue of females’ inability to taking care of their children while holding a job at the same time. On the other hand, only 0.44% of males takes leave on child raising and 61.4% of businesses are affiliated to the leave-on-child-raising system.
Owing to the unsuccessful leave-on-child-raising system, the Japanese government is aware of the fact of work sharing in Europe. When Europe is troubled by economic recession, working sharing is implemented to solve unemployment. In the work sharing system of Europe, Germany has the labor and the capital abide by an agreement and in France, work sharing is a legislated practice and the government takes it as an emergency measure when it comes to solving unemployment. In the Netherlands, where the government, the labor and the capital are equally willing to work for a mid-and-long-term goal of creating short-term jobs as center of the multi-employment work sharing.
When Japan formally introduced the work sharing system in 2002, multi-employment and emergency solution were key elements. Multi-employment helps females raise children while holding a job and this is common among females preferring short-term jobs as they have children in elementary and middle schools. That is to say, multi-employment work sharing does help females raise children while holding a job. In another word, it helps create more female labor.