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    題名: 日本的產學合作政策-以東京大學為例
    其他題名: Japanese collaboration between university and industry-a case study of university of tokyo
    作者: 陳義玉;Chen, I-yu
    貢獻者: 淡江大學日本研究所碩士在職專班
    任燿廷;Jen, Eau-tin
    關鍵詞: 產學合作政策;創新政策;國立大學法人化;大學風險企業;TLO;利益衝突原則;Collaboration Policy of University and Industry;Innovation Policy;Legalization of National University;Academic Ventures;Technology Licensing Organization(TLO);Confrontation-of-Interests;産学連携政策;イノベーション政策;国立大学法人化;大学発ベンチャー;利益相反原則
    日期: 2008
    上傳時間: 2010-01-10 23:55:51 (UTC+8)
    摘要: 本論文主要目的在研究日本的產學合作政策,並以東京大學作為主要研究對象。日本產學合作政策從1990年代後期即加快推行,產官學以正式的、透明的契約方式作為合作基礎,產業界以未來發展的需求,提供研究經費委託大學等進行相關的研究計畫,使產學的創新知識能實用於產業,進而帶動經濟的成長。
    產學合作已是全球趨勢,也是各國發展經濟的重要手段之一,在全球化經濟競爭下,日本已規劃生命科學、資訊通訊、奈米技術等領域為未來投入研究的重點。由於這些先進技術之成果尚未明確,若只由產業界來進行研究,仍有侷限,在此情況下,大學變成為研究的平台。產學合作的實施乃是建立大學等和產業界之間的橋樑,由大學等現有的人力、財力等資源協助產業升級並帶動經濟發展。
    本研究在文獻探討中,整理了研究創新政策中產學合作的意義、重要性及其理論依據,從日本和美國產學合作政策的分析與歸納,了解產學合作政策的利弊及政策制定上需要掌握的重點與解決方向。
    在日本產學合作政策之探討中,分析1990年代後期以來日本新產學合作之現狀,國立大學法人化、大學風險企業、TLO、知識財產本部等架構的形成與產學合作的成果等。東京大學的事例分析中,探討東京大學產學合作的機制、國立大學法人化的影響、TLO的經營成效、利益衝突原則等。最後以台灣的產學合作政策、清華大學產學合作的發展、利益衝突之管理等比較分析台日產學合作現況、東京大學與清華大學的產學合作機制等,並提出未來可繼續研究的方向。希望研究的結果和發現帶給台灣產官學界新的思考方向。
    The focus of this thesis is an analysis of Japanese policy related to the inclusion of entrepreneurial innovations within the structure of the traditional university model. This thesis depicts the development of collaboration structure and mechanism at Tokyo University, with actual Japanese national policy first being implemented in 1990 to advance formal institutional relations. Emphasizing the transparency, the policy utilized contract as the basis for the collaboration agreements. The fundamental premise is that entrepreneurs are inherently future-oriented, and hence, would provide the university with necessary R&D fees and start-up capital to develop practical innovations, and this would consequently contribute to an overall growth in the economy.
    This policy approach has become a global trend, and serves as the foundation for economic development in many countries as they enter the competitive global markets. Japan has been mainly interested in developments related to life sciences, information technology, and nanotechnology.; these areas serve as a focus for future emphases. The advantage of the Japanese approach is apparent, since research in these technologies has not yet yielded tangible results, and thus typically entrepreneurs alone would be unwilling to investigate possible applications. Given this scenario, once policy is established to serve as a bridge between the various stakeholders, the university can act as a platform from which new technologies can be advanced (i.e., by dedicating the necessary people and resources necessary to support entrepreneurial pursuits).
    This thesis also includes an exhaustive review of the literature as it relates to this policy approach and the theoretical models upon which it is based. This includes a comparison between present policies implemented in Japan and the United States, and how their respective approaches are likely to impact future developments (both positively and negatively).
    The literature to date has shown the impacts of Japanese policy from 1990, in terms of the means by which cooperation between shareholders is achieved and their outcomes. In this thesis, we further identify the strengths and weakness of this model, and apply it to specific developments in Taiwan. Through comparative study, we explore the differences between Japanese and Taiwanese University and Industry cooperation, as well as how such an arrangement would likely progress, and what benefits would result. This thesis will hopefully provide new direction for the policy making within the Taiwanese community.
    顯示於類別:[日本研究所] 學位論文

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