The concept of clustering begins with ecology, and then apply to the economic theory. That Michael E .Porter puts forward that competition advantage often display on a certain special industry in " The competitive advantage of nations " in 1990, and this industry will become a cluster, in order to develop the industry and accelerate economic of a country. Because the success of development of technological industry cluster that in Silicon Valley U.S.A. in 1951 , various countries begin to imitate it too. But what is the theory and origin that the successful reason of industry''s clustering develop, and how can it bring competition advantage
and effect for a country?
The biotechnology industry becomes besides IT industry, the hottest industry in the 21st century. The governments of countries begin to focus on the development of this new industry too, the range that the biotechnology industry includes developed all medical make and pharmacy and agricultural area .etc. And recent years the main in research is medical area , the governments have an optimistic view of the competition advantage of the biotechnology industry , so the governments also put much investment and a large number of human resource and relevant preferential policies in order to developing this industry.
Take biotechnology industry in Kansai area of Japan as the example, this thesis observe the Japanese government''s policy effect in industry cluster in recent years. The Kansai area was appointed as a base of biotechnology industrial cluster of government''s city plan in 2001. And at the beginning of 2005, 90 relevant enterprises are established in this district , create the new achievement no matter in every field , such as new medicine researching and developing and medical machinery , technology ,etc. at present. In addition, a lot of foreign capitals are investing in Japan biotechnology market which is occupying the second place of the world (besides U.S.A. ). These all show that the biotechnology industry being quite important status
This study analyses the state of the biotechnology industry of Japan by documents and thesis, and the main structure based in clustering theory and diamond model. In order to find the background and reason of biotechnology industrial cluster of Kansai area. After Porter (1990 ) proposes the diamond model, think that the government has quite delicate influence on other four factors in the whole system, should not belong to negative or positive range . The government should become media and challenger, besides acting the proper support role, it is a basic principle to encourage the industry to innovate in order to strengthen the competitiveness of the market. So main point of this thesis will place on government policy, especially on the influence of the government and companies'' mutual-stimulating relation in the cluster. And hope this study of Japanese government''s innovative policy can be a direction of Taiwan
government''s policy in the future.