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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/30722

    Title: 日本眾議院選舉制度變革之研究 : 對政黨與政治運作之影響
    Other Titles: The research of representatives electoral system elevation : the effects to political party and politics
    Authors: 許秉初;Hsu, Ping-chu
    Contributors: 淡江大學日本研究所碩士在職專班
    胡慶山;Hu, Ching-shan
    Keywords: 小選舉區制;大選舉區制;小選舉區比例代表並立制;惜敗率;五五體制;first past the post system;multi-member district system;first past the post with Proportional Representation System;close-game index;the party system of 1955;小選挙区制;大選挙区制;小選挙区比例代表並立制;惜敗率
    Date: 2006
    Issue Date: 2010-01-10 23:54:34 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 本論文係以日本眾議院新選舉制度為研究之核心,探討日本在其民主化過程中,選舉制度所扮演之角色,日本為讓選舉制度更臻完善,自一八八九年起至一九九四年止,共計針對其眾議院選舉制度進行了十四次之修改,甚至於一九九三年,因選舉制度等政治議題之改革,導致自由民主黨之宮澤喜一內閣下台,結束該黨長達三十八年之長期執政,日本政治上所謂「五五體制」亦至此宣告結束,過去百餘年來日本先後實施過小選舉區制、中選舉區制、大選舉區制及目前實施之小選舉區比例代表並立制,其主要目的係為建構一套更公正、公平、優質之選舉制度,讓其政治更清明,讓選民對政治更有信心。
    The Essay is focused on the new election system of Japanese House of Representatives'' to find out the roles of election system in Japan democratic Progress. To perfect the electoral system, Japan had mended its election system of the House of Representatives 14 times since 1889 till 1994. In 1993, some political issues, included the reform of election system, eventually led Prime Minister Miyazawa Kiichi to resign and ended the Liberal Democratic Party'' 38-year-old reign, as well as the so-call"55 system(the party system of 1955)".During the past century, Japan has tried small, medium and large sized district systems, currently "First past the post with Proportional Representation System", to constitute a fair and better system which is expected to improve Japan''s political environments and make voters trust the politics.
    However, the "First the post with Proportional Representation System" still has some problems, including multiple candidacies, unequal value of each vote, excessive Representatives from farming areas, etc. In whole, the latest election system still suffers from some legacies of the mid-sized district system and merely sets up a "two major plus small parties" political system, far from two dominant major parties like those in the U.S.A. and U.K.
    When compared Japan''s election system with similar Germany system, it is hard to tell which one is better. It might be inappropriate for Taiwan to introduce either system without some modifications. Taiwan should learn from both systems and find a proper way to fit into Taiwan''s situation. At last, it shall come to our attention that an ideal and everlasting election system must meet the majority''s opinion to make politics more democratic, and people happier.
    Appears in Collections:[日本研究所] 學位論文

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