Uemura Masahisa (1856-1925) was a minister as well as a thinker in Meiji and Taisho Era. Japan, during the period through Meiji Era to Taisho Era, was transforming into an imperialism country from a feudal country. Uemura Masahisa was born in a samurai family in the shogunate. Although he identified with the spirit of the new government of developing Japan, he didn’t really identify with the new government. Therefore, he delivered various speeches criticizing the new government as a critic. Like the contemporary Christians, he was a patriot. Also, with Christianity and patriotism, Uemura Masahisa supported the dominion of Japan over Taiwan, and contended that Japan’s dominion over Taiwan shall tolerate different peoples. After Japan ruled Taiwan, the concept of “different peoples” also arose in Japan discussing the issue of “how to spiritually integrate the people of the colony with the Japanese.” Thus, Uemura Masahisa proposed the Christian concept of “the Kingdom of God” to assimilate Taiwan.
When making a comprehensive survey of Uemura Masahisa’s life, he had conducted preaching activities for 9 times in Taiwan. Besides contacting the bureaucrat of the Government House, he also communicated with Taiwan people, with whom the communication was getting more and more obvious after his 6th visit to Taiwan. His sphere of activities included not only church, but also seminars open to the public held in Taipei or cities in central and southern Taiwan. At that time, the inland Japanese religious groups preaching in Taiwan would conduct this kind of seminars, and the Japanese staying in Taiwan also responded to the seminars. Via several interviews, Uemura Masahisa gradually saw the reality of Japan’s dominion over Taiwan clearly, and became more and more dissatisfied with Japan’s dominion over Taiwan.
Because of the dissatisfaction with Japan’s dominion over Taiwan and the contact with a Taiwan Christian, Tsai, Pei-Huo, he supported the Movement of the Petition of the Establishment of Taiwan Council in 1921. Via this text, we could tell the relationship between Uemura Masahisa, a national of Imperial Japan as well as a Christian intellectual, and Taiwan.