Nowadays, the life circle of product has shortened, especially the high-tech one. Through the new trend of liberalization of economy, and globalization, the convenience of ICT, there is no border between countries anymore, which is called as “flat world.” As Silicon Valley and industrial cluster of Italy succeeded, most of governments started to make their policy to improve ability of R&D, and to build their own specialization industrial cluster. And the innovation capability is the main point for growth of cluster. For this reason, government, firstly, always makes plans to increase the collaboration between university and industry, then, focus on how to improve growth of domestic industrial, incubate new company, and promote the shape of industrial cluster. By the way, it is the age of knowledge-based economy, and the result of industry cluster will become networks externalities in a model of spatial diffusion. It is also helpful for industry that up-stream and down-stream firms invest at the same milieu. The lecture review focuses on the model of SECI to search for the creation and the management of knowledge. And this text also review the theory of innovation milieu and cluster.
This thesis will discuss about the technology policy of Taiwan and Japan, and point out the difference between these two countries. Then, in order to research for the cluster efficiency, this thesis will take two clusters for example, Sakaihama cluster and Tainan Science Park, then indicate the purpose of creating cluster.