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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/30704

    Title: 日本政教分離原則之研究 : 以違憲審查基準為中心
    Other Titles: A study of the separation of state and religion in Japan : focus on the standards of judicial review
    Authors: 洪聖銘;Hung, Sheng-ming
    Contributors: 淡江大學日本研究所碩士班
    許慶雄;Hsu, Ching-hsiung
    Keywords: 目的效果基準;宗教中立性;政教分離;國教禁止條款;隔牆原則;Lemon Test;Neutrality;separation of State and Church;separation of State and Religion;the Establishment Clause;wall of separation
    Date: 2006
    Issue Date: 2010-01-10 23:53:44 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 二次大戰後對於如何排除神道對國家、社會、學校教育之影響,成為確保民主、自由、人權所必須面臨的挑戰。因此日本憲法除了保障宗教自由之外,更特別列入政教分離原則,以徹底瓦解神道對宗教信仰的獨佔地位。日本國憲法第二十條與第八十九條所規範的政教分離包含以下三點:(1)禁止宗教與政治力結合,(2)國家權力不可介入任何宗教色彩,(3)國家財政資源不得提供或援助宗教活動。
    After World War II, how to remove Shinto’s influence on the country, society and education was an acid test for ensuring the democracy, freedom and human rights. Therefore the Constitutional Law of Japan not only ensured the freedom of religion but also defined the separation of state and religion statutorily, in order to abolish the unity of government and ritual system. Article 20 and article 89 of the Constitutional Law of Japan regulate the separation of state and religion which included the three points:(1)religion which combined with political power was impermissible;(2)national power can not carry any religious color;(3)financial resources of the country can not provide or aid any religious activities.
    Besides, the separation of state and religion also involved in that how to define the boundary between religious activities and political activities. For example, if hold traditional Shinto ceremony in the beginning of the public buildings’ work violating the constitution? The Study of these disputes and the legal principle theory of law of court decisions often became our focal points.
    So, this thesis examined the relations between nation and religion by historical angle and tried to understand the reason of their conflict and coalition. Then it described the formation and the development of the separation of state and religion conception. Finally, it tried to understand the legal principle theory of law behind the separation of state and religion article of the Constitutional Law of Japan, and check the judgment datum of judicial review.
    Appears in Collections:[日本研究所] 學位論文

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