Different traditions, cultures, religions and economic systems from different countries. However, there is one thing in common among all countries, that is discrimination against women. Usually, such kind of discrimination is irrational. Although women’s population is a half of all population of the world, yet the exact power holders, no doubt, are men. Due to the traditional stubborn conception that men contribute more labor than women in families or careers and that men are more capable than women, it seems right for men to dispose women, and thus results in discrimination against women, physically and psychologically. The 34th United Nations General Assembly, by resolution, adopted the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) on December 18, 1979 and it entered into force on September 1981. Up to April 11, 2005, there are 180 state parties signed in this international Convention.
In the Convention, the definition of “discrimination against women” is clearly stated that women’s rights in all fields including politics, judiciary, economy, employment, education and family relationship shall be properly protected. A committee for “discrimination against women” is established to implement the Convention. In accordance with article 18 of the Convention, State Parties undertake to submit to the Secretary-General of the United Nations, for consideration by the Committee within one year after the entry into force for the State concerned; thereafter at least every four years and further whenever the Committee so requests. The Committee also receive the counter reports from NGO.
Until now, Japanese government has submitted country report five times. By monitoring the implement of the present Convention to promote the real gender equality. In considering the country report and aggressively taking with “State Parties” represent the Committee can make the problems clear. The suggestion and final comments of Committee influence the Japanese law systems. Even there is still discrimination against women in Japan, I believe Japanese government can resolve the above problems.
The Thesis is divided into six chapters: Chapter I. Introduction, Chapter II. The background and process of the Convention on Elimination of All Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), Chapter III. The concept and monitor system of the Convention, Chapter IV. The influence of the Convention for Japanese law systems, Chapter V. Japanese government’s report and, ChapterVI. Conclusion of in-depth consideration of the protection of the right to women.