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    Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://tkuir.lib.tku.edu.tw:8080/dspace/handle/987654321/30703

    Title: 消除對婦女一切形式歧視公約之研究 : 對日本法制度之影響
    Other Titles: The research of the convention on the elimination of all forms of discrimination against women and its influence on Japanese law systems
    Authors: 吳乃慧;Wu, Nae-huey
    Contributors: 淡江大學日本研究所碩士班
    胡慶山;Hu, Ching-shan
    Keywords: 消除對婦女歧視宣言;消除對婦女一切形式歧視公約;消除對婦女歧視委員會;優惠待遇;性騷擾;定型化男女性別分工;discrimination against women;Declaration on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women;Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, Committee on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women;affirmative discrimination,sexual harassment,stereotyped concept of the roles of women and men;女子差別撤廃宣言;女子差別撤廃条約;女子差別撤廃委員会アファーマティブ‧アクションセクハラ男女の固定化された役割
    Date: 2005
    Issue Date: 2010-01-10 23:53:41 (UTC+8)
    Abstract: 世界上因傳統、文化、宗教、經濟體制與發展階段的不同,有著各式各樣的國家。但是那些國家有一個共通點,就是各國都存在對婦女歧視這件事。所謂的歧視就是沒有合理理由的歧視,讓某部份的人蒙受損失。而產生歧視的背景為多數人去支配少數人。雖然婦女佔世界人口的二分之一,但權力大部份掌握在男性手中。對婦女歧視的背景是由於男女固定型性別分工的觀念導致男性認為他們比女性優秀,讓支配女性的行為正當化。自古以來兩性就處在不平等的狀況。女性不管在生理與心理方面都處於一種被歧視的狀態。一九七九年一二月一八日聯合國第三四屆大會通過《消除對婦女一切形式歧視公約》(CEDAW),此公約自一九八一年九月生效,到二○○五年四月一一日為止,此公約共有180個締約國。此公約是一個有關保障婦女權利的國際公約。
    Different traditions, cultures, religions and economic systems from different countries. However, there is one thing in common among all countries, that is discrimination against women. Usually, such kind of discrimination is irrational. Although women’s population is a half of all population of the world, yet the exact power holders, no doubt, are men. Due to the traditional stubborn conception that men contribute more labor than women in families or careers and that men are more capable than women, it seems right for men to dispose women, and thus results in discrimination against women, physically and psychologically. The 34th United Nations General Assembly, by resolution, adopted the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) on December 18, 1979 and it entered into force on September 1981. Up to April 11, 2005, there are 180 state parties signed in this international Convention.

    In the Convention, the definition of “discrimination against women” is clearly stated that women’s rights in all fields including politics, judiciary, economy, employment, education and family relationship shall be properly protected. A committee for “discrimination against women” is established to implement the Convention. In accordance with article 18 of the Convention, State Parties undertake to submit to the Secretary-General of the United Nations, for consideration by the Committee within one year after the entry into force for the State concerned; thereafter at least every four years and further whenever the Committee so requests. The Committee also receive the counter reports from NGO.

    Until now, Japanese government has submitted country report five times. By monitoring the implement of the present Convention to promote the real gender equality. In considering the country report and aggressively taking with “State Parties” represent the Committee can make the problems clear. The suggestion and final comments of Committee influence the Japanese law systems. Even there is still discrimination against women in Japan, I believe Japanese government can resolve the above problems.

    The Thesis is divided into six chapters: Chapter I. Introduction, Chapter II. The background and process of the Convention on Elimination of All Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), Chapter III. The concept and monitor system of the Convention, Chapter IV. The influence of the Convention for Japanese law systems, Chapter V. Japanese government’s report and, ChapterVI. Conclusion of in-depth consideration of the protection of the right to women.
    Appears in Collections:[日本研究所] 學位論文

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